The National Flag Of Vatican City was officially adopted On June 7, 1929. Pope Pius XI signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy for creating a new sovereign state governed by the Holy See. The flag design was based on 1808 yellow and white flags of the earlier Papal States, to which a papal tiara and keys were later added. The Vatican and the Holy See also refer to it as the flag of the Holy See.
Design Of The Flag
The Flag Of Vatican City is a square-shaped vertical bicolor. The two bands on the flag include a yellow on the hoist side and a white band on the fly side. The Vatican City coat of arms is featured at the center of the white band with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara centered in the white band.
The crossed keys on the Vatican City National Flag consist of a golden and a silver key, in which the silver key is placed in the dexter position. It is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the Switzerland flag.
Meaning Of The Flag
The Vatican City coat of arms features two main components: the papal tiara and two crossed keys. One of the keys is golden in color, and another one is silver. The latter is placed in the dexter position of the National Flag Of Vatican City.
The keys symbolize the Keys of Heaven and were presented to St. Peter by Christ. Since the popes are regarded as St. Peter’s successors, the keys are one of the most important elements represents the Holy See. The gold and the silver keys on the coat of arms represent spiritual and worldly powers, respectively. Also, the colors of the Flag Of Vatican City represent the colors of the key, where yellow represents the golden key and white represents the silver key.
History Of The Flag
For centuries a substantial area in central Italy, including the city of Rome, constituted the Papal States. This was under the rule of the pope. The papal coat of arms and banner was red with two crossed gold keys. Those keys refer to the keys mentioned in the New Testament and symbolizing either the access that St. Peter was given to the kingdom of heaven or papal claims to dominion over both spiritual and temporal matters. The sovereignty of the Papal States ended in 1870 but was revived in the State of the Vatican City in 1929.
Some Information About Flag:
In Which Year, The National Flag Was Adopted?
Ans: On June 7, 1929
What Are The Colours of The Flag?
Ans: yellow and white