Covering an area of 3.8 million square miles, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. It is bound in the north by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the United States of America (USA), and in the west by the North Pacific Ocean. Alaska, a US State, lies in its north-western part. According to Canadian Geographic, the Canada River Map features more than 8,500 rivers in Canada.
Longest Rivers in Canada
- Mackenzie River: 4,241 km. Mackenzie River.
- Yukon River: 3,185 km. Yukon River.
- Nelson River: 2,575 km. Nelson River.
- Columbia River: 2,000 km. Columbia River.
- Saskatchewan River: 1,939 km. Saskatchewan River.
- Peace River: 1,923 km. Peace River.
- Churchill River: 1,609.
- South Saskatchewan River: 1,392 km.
There are 42 designated Canadian Heritage Rivers. The Mackenzie River is the longest river in the Canada River Map at 4,241 km long and feeding more than 50,000 lakes. The Skeena River is the second largest river. Its runs 610 kilometers from its beginning to its rich estuary near the city of Prince Rupert on the Pacific coast and is Canada’s second-largest wild salmon fishery. The shortest river in Canada, and the second shortest in the world, is the Powell River in B.C only 500 meters long.
The Yukon River lies half in Canada, half in Alaska. During the gold rush in the late 1800s, this river was the main source of transportation for people and gold. Over 1,200 miles long, it also is frozen for a portion of the year. The Saskatchewan River provides power through several hydroelectric plants built along with it. It is approximately 545 km long and flows into Lake Winnipeg.
The St. Lawrence River forms part of the border with the United States in the eastern portions of Canada. It connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. This river is approximately 1,900 miles long. The Yukon River lies half in Canada, half in Alaska. Over 1,200 miles long, it also is frozen for a portion of the year. The Saskatchewan River is about 340 miles long. It flows into Lake Winnipeg and is the main watershed for much of central Canada.