Australia is a large country located in Oceania. It is the 6th largest country in the world. An island continent, It lies between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. It is the largest country entirely in the southern hemisphere and the largest country without any land borders. The Geography Map of Australia is too varied, and most of it consists of a low desert plateau. The country consists of many tropical rainforests, mountain ranges, and dry deserts in the center.
Fast Facts About Australia:-
- OFFICIAL NAME: Commonwealth of Australia
- FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary democracy; Commonwealth realm
- CAPITAL: Canberra
- POPULATION: 23,470,145
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: English
- MONEY: Australian dollar
- AREA: 2,969,906 square miles (7,692,024 square kilometers)
- MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Great Dividing Range, Macdonnell Ranges
- MAJOR RIVERS: Murray-Darling, Murrumbidgee, Lachlan
- IMPORTANT CITIES: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Gold Coast, Canberra
Geography Map of Australia
Australia is primarily a low plateau with deserts and is the only continent without any glaciers. In fact, the middle of Australia has practically no one living inside of it because a large part of it is desert. The northernmost points of the continental mainland are the Cape York Peninsula of Queensland and the Top End of the Northern Territory. The western half of Australia consists of the Western Plateau.
The Western Plateau region is generally flat, though broken by various mountain ranges such as the Hamersley Range, the MacDonnell Ranges, and the Musgrave Range. The Eastern Highlands, or the Great Dividing Range, lies near the eastern coast of Australia, separating the relatively narrow eastern coastal plain from the rest of the continent. These Eastern Australian temperate forests have the greatest relief, the most rainfall, the most abundant and varied flora and fauna, and the densest human settlement.
Longest Rivers In Australia
Climate Map of Australia
There are four seasons across most of Australia, with the tropical north experiencing a wet and dry season. Summer runs from December to March (average temperature 29°C), autumn throughout March to May, winter runs from June to August (average 13°C), and spring from September to November.
Due to the huge size of the country, Australia has several different climate zones. The northern section of Australia has a more tropical-influenced climate, hot and humid in the summer, and quite warm and dry in the winter, while the southern parts are cooler with mild summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters.