The Arabian Oryx is the official National Animal of Qatar. It Played a Major role in Qatar and Qatar Airways also has the logo of this Animal. Oryx leucoryx is the scientific name of Arabian Oryx. Some Other Names Are Arabian Oryx or Oryx and also Many Names like the maha, wudhaihi, boosolah in Arabic. The Arabian oryx was extinct in the wild by the early 1970s, but was saved in zoos and private preserves, and was reintroduced into the wild starting in 1980.
The Qatar National Animal Arabian Oryx is almost luminous white, the undersides and legs are brown, and black stripes occur where the head congregate the neck, on the forehead, on the nose, and going from the horn down across the eye to the mouth. They have a black ornamented tail and black-tipped ears. Their light-colored coat helps them reflect the heat of the sun.
Both sexes have long, straight, or slightly curved, ringed horns that are 50 to 75 cm (20 to 30 in) long. The Arabian Oryx is a desert antelope that can once again be seen itinerant the dry Arabian Peninsula, which was extinct in the wild. Both males and females have a pair of longhorns. It is thought that the myth of the unicorn could be based on oryxes that have lost a horn.
National Animal of Qatar Facts
- Common Name: Arabian Oryx or Oryx
- Scientific Name: Oryx leucoryx
- Color: The Oryx is coated is nearly luminous white, the undersides and legs are brown, and black stripes occur where the head meets the neck, on the forehead, on the nose. They have a black ornamented tail and black-tipped ears.
- Length: 5 to 7 feet in length.
- Height: 18 to 35 inches in height at the shoulder.
- Weight: weight range between 70 kg to 90 kg, depending on the species.
- Diet: Arabian Oryx are plant-eaters (herbivores). They eat different types of grass or sedges, woody plants, shrubs, and tree bark such as willow, sage, and rabbitbrush, and desert holly and desert cactus.
- Cubs: Babies of the Arabian Oryx called lamb. The female Oryx (does) have a gestation period of 240 days, with a single calf.
- Lifespan: Up to 20 years.
This species of antelope is vastly specialized for its insensitive desert environment. The hooves are splayed and shovel-like, which are providing a large surface area to walk on the sandy ground. Being a polygynous breeder the Arabian Oryx male mates with many females in one mating season. The occasion of births can be different. Nevertheless, if the circumstances are positive, a female is able to produce a single calf per year in any month.
Gestation for this species lasts about 240 days. The young are weaned by the age of 3.5-4.5 months, and females in captivity first give birth when they are 2.5-3.5 years old. Qatar’s national animal Arabian Oryx have separate names of both male and female. They are identified as; the females are called “doe, dam.” The males are known as a buck, ram, and the babies name lamb and lambskin.