Columbia Is The Official State Capital Of South Carolina. Columbia Is Located in the center of the state at the juncture of three rivers where the Broad River and the Saluda River merge to form the Congaree River, By the mid-17th century, Charleston had become a major center of trade and the wealthiest and largest city south of Philadelphia. However, this prosperity was built on the backs of slaves, who made up over half of the city’s population. These slaves were captured largely from the Congo-Angola border and other rice-producing regions of West Africa.
Using cultivation knowledge and labor from these African slaves, colonists were able to produce not just rice, but cotton, indigo, and other crops as well. By 1770, Charleston was the fourth-largest port in the colonies, after Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. And the city had secured itself as the hub of the Atlantic slave trade. The National Capital Of South Carolina Columbia was largely burnt to the ground while being occupied by Union troops under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman in the American Civil War. The city would rebuild fairly rapidly, however, becoming a focal point during Reconstruction.
By the early 20th century, South Carolina State Capital Columbia had emerged as a regional textile manufacturing center, and would eventually become a hub for trade and retail. The city would continue to develop throughout the middle of the century. Today, State Capital Of South Carolina Columbia is the second-largest city in the state of South Carolina. Located approximately 13 miles northwest of the geographic center of the state, it is the primary city of the Midlands region.
The city is also closely ingrained with the University of South Carolina, the state’s flagship university. South Carolina State Capital Columbia is also the site of Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training. The National Capital Of South Carolina Columbia has recently seen a revitalization of its downtown area, making the city a popular destination for tourists looking for some southern history.
Columbia, South Carolina
Country: United States
State: South Carolina
County: Richland, Lexington
Approved: March 22, 1786
Chartered (town): 1805
Chartered (city): 1854
Named for: Christopher Columbus
- Total: 134.9 sq mi (349 km2)
- Land: 132.2 sq mi (342 km2)
- Water: 2.7 sq mi (7 km2) 2%