State Fish Of Nevada

Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Is The Official State Fish Of Nevada. Nevada Adopted the Lahontan cutthroat trout as the official state fish in 1981. Many states recognize trout as a state symbol because trout can only survive in clean water. The National Fish Of Nevada Lahontan cutthroat trout is the largest subspecies of cutthroat trout and a symbol of both Nevada’s natural history and its commitment to wildlife conservation. Nevada State Fish Lahontan cutthroat trout are gray to olive-green above, yellowish-brown or sometimes pink on the sides, and red or pink along the belly.

Round black spots are scattered over the fish, but more closely grouped towards the tail. Lake dwellers are much larger and live longer than their stream-dwelling cousins. Over-fishing in the 1800s, the State Fish Of Nevada Lahontan Cutthroat Trout damming of rivers, and competition from non-native species virtually wiped out the Lahontan cutthroat to the point where it was officially classified as an endangered species in 1970. By 1975, however, conservation efforts and successful re-introductions into prior habitat had been successful enough to re-classify it as threatened. Generally, clear, extremely cold mountain lakes and streams, although National Fish Of Nevada has also adapted to warmer lowland streams and alkaline lakes where no other trout can live.

Northern Nevada and the mountains along the borders with California, Oregon, and Utah. Specifically, the Lahontan cutthroat is found in the drainages of the Truckee, Humboldt, Carson, Walker, and Quinn rivers, including Summit Lake and Independence Lake. Nevada State Fish was also successfully re-introduced to Pyramid Lake and Walker Lake.



Length: Up to 50 in (127 cm); average of 10 in (25 cm)

Weight: Up to 41 lbs (18.6 kg); average of 1 lb (450 g)

Water type: Freshwater

Water temp: 20–83°F (-6–28.5°C)

Conservation Status: Threatened 

Fertilization: External

Spawning frequency: Approximately every two years; February–July

Mating behavior: Distinct pairing


Facts About Nevada’s Official State Fish

  1. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout is Threatened: Efforts to restock the Lahontan cutthroat trout after it was listed as an endangered species in 1970 proved fruitful when the trout was elevated to a threatened status just five years later in 1975, and the future continues to look positive for these trout.
  2. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout can live in alkaline lakes: The Lahontan cutthroat trout is able to live in several habitats that exist in Nevada, such as mountain creeks, alpine lakes, and warm lowland streams.
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