State Fish Of Oregon

Chinook Salmon Is The Official State Fish Of Oregon. Oregon Adopted the chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) as the official Oregon State Fish in 1961. Chinook salmon is also known as spring, king salmon and is found from southern California to the Canadian Arctic. National Fish Of Oregon Chinook salmon are the largest Pacific salmon species and, on average Chinook salmon grow to be three feet (0.9 meters) long and approximately 30 pounds (13 kilograms).

However, some Chinook salmon can reach more than five feet (1.5 meters) long and 110 pounds (50 kilograms). The State Fish Of Oregon Chinook Salmon are blue-green on the head and back and silver on the sides. The fish’s tail, back, and upper fin have irregular black spots, and black markings also are present around the gums. Male Oregon State Fish Chinook salmon have a distinctive hooked nose at the top of the mouth and a ridged back. During the mating season, both male and female National Fish Of Oregon develop a reddish tint around their back fins and tail. 


Fast Facts:


Length = 36 inches (Record: 58 inches); Weight = 30 lbs (Record: 126 lbs).


3 to 7 years


North America “– Monterey Bay, CA’ to the Chukchi Sea. Asia – Hokkaido, Japan to Anadyr River, Siberia

Diet / Feeding Type:

Plankton, insects, amphipods, and fish


Birds and fish eat juveniles; marine mammals eat adults


Anadromous and semelparous

Other Names:

Chinook, chins, king. quinnat, tyee, tule, blackmouth, and spring salmon.



Facts About Chinook Salmon:

  1. Chinook Salmon Pacific Ocean habitat ranges all the way from Southern California to the Canadian Arctic.
  2. The Chinook is the biggest of all of the Pacific salmons, growing as long as 53 inches and weighing as much as 126 pounds.
  3. The Oregon State Fish Chinook salmon is also a major part of commercial fishing operations in Oregon.
  4. The king salmon is born in freshwater, migrates to the ocean during the second year of its life, and swims back to freshwater by the age of seven years to spawn and then die.

5. Even today, State Fish Of Oregon salmon remain an important source of food for humans, who eat the meat fresh, frozen, canned, or smoked, the Oregon Blue Book said.

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