Sugar Maple Tree Is The Official State Tree Of New York State. Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) was Adopted as the New York State Tree in 1956. Acer saccharum Marsh Or Sugar Maple is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America. Sometimes Sugar Maple called hard maple or rock maple, sugar maple is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. Sap from the trunks of State Tree Sugar Maples is used to make maple syrup. State Tree Of New York Sugar maple leaves also turn bright colors in autumn, contributing to New York’s spectacular fall foliage. Sugar Maple or hard maple trees seldom flower until they are at least 22 years old, but they can also live 300 to 400 years. New York State Tree Sugar maple is a Midwest native loved for its exceptional fall color ranging from brilliant yellow to burnt-orange. In summer, its lustrous foliage provides excellent shade, making it a great choice for parks, golf courses, and home landscapes where its roots can spread. Black maple (Acer nigrum), once considered a separate species, is now included as a subspecies of sugar maple.
Identification of the Sugar Maple
Leaf: The Leaf Of The Tree Is Simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 lobed with entire margin; green above, paler below.
Flower: Flower Of Sugar Maple Tree Is Yellow to green, small, clustered, hanging from a long (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with the leaves.
Fruit: Two-winged horseshoe-shaped samaras about 1 inch long, appearing in clusters, brown when mature in Autumn.
Twig: Brown, slender and shiny with lighter lenticels, terminal buds brown and very sharp-pointed.
Bark: Variable, but generally grayish brown, on older trees may be furrowed, with long, thick irregular curling outward ridges.
Form: Medium to tall tree (to 100 feet) with a very dense elliptical crown.
State Tree Of New York Sugar maple tree trunks is tapped early in the spring to collect their sap. The sap of Sugar Maple Tree is boiled into a syrup or concentrated further with evaporation to produce maple sugar. Around 34 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup (or 8 pounds of maple sugar).