California is a US state located in the Pacific Region. The Map of California is the 3rd largest state by area With 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2). California is the most populous U.S. state With 39.5 million residents and it is also the world’s thirty-fourth most populous sub-national entity.
California was first discovered by Spanish seafarer Juan Cabrillo, in 1541. Various Native Californian tribes were first settled before being explored by a number of Europeans during the 16th and 17th centuries. The area was initially owned by Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence.
The United States acquired the area from Mexico after the Mexican–American War in 1848, with generally the same boundary as California today. The state was admitted to the Union as the 31st state on 9th September 1850.
- Capital City: Sacramento (pop. 475,743) (2008 est.)
- California Population: 38,041,430 (2012 est.) (1st)
- California Population: (per square mile)
- U.S. State Populations: (all states)
- Currency: U.S. Dollar (conversion rates)
- Language: English, others
- Statehood: September 9, 1850 (31st state)
Political Map of California
California is the 3rd largest state in the United States. It is bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west and bordered by Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona. it shares an international border with Mexico in the south. Sacramento is the state capital of California. California also has some most populous counties like Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County.
The Political Map of California shows the State of California with boundaries, the location of the state capital Sacramento, major cities and populated places.
Physical Map of California
California is in the Pacific Region. The Physical Map of California is the 3rd largest state by area With 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2). The state is larger than Germany or slightly smaller than Iraq. California is 135 times as big as Rhode Island Compared with other US states.
California shares border with Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, and Arizona to the southeast. The ‘Golden State’ is the popular nickname of California. It features a diverse landscape ranging from the redwood forest, Sierra Nevada Mountains, the Mojave Desert, and beautiful beaches with rugged cliffs.
Geography Map of California
California presents the most diverse series of landforms in all of the United States. The state’s diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east. From the redwood and Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast.
The Geography Map of California has four main geographic regions: the Coast, the Central Valley, the Mountains, and the Desert. California Pacific Ocean coastline is large with 1,350 km (840 mi) area. The large parts of the coast are accessible by the California State Route 1.
The flat, fertile central valley runs along the center of the state. The mountain range offers the Sierra Nevada, a 640 km (400 mi) long mountain range. The Mojave Desert is the driest desert in all of North America with an area of 35,000 km².
- Land Area:
(land) 155,959 sq miles
(water) 7,734 sq miles
(TOTAL)163,693 sq miles
- Land Area: (all states)
- Horizontal Width: 354 miles
- Vertical Length: 779 miles
- Highest Point: Mt. Whitney, 14,494 ft.
- Lowest Point: in California, and in the entire United States, is in Death Valley, (-282 ft.)
Transportation Map of California
California is connected by an extensive system of controlled-access highways (‘freeways’), limited-access roads (‘expressways’), and highways. All the Transportation Map of California is Controlled By the “California Department of Transportation”.
Major Interstate highways:
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is 4th busiest airport in the world in 2018. San Francisco International Airport (SFO) is the 25th busiest airport in the world in 2018.
California also has several important seaports like Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach in Southern California. These are the largest in the country and responsible for handling about a fourth of all container cargo traffic in the United States.
Cities Map of California
Sacramento is the state capital of California. California also has some most populous counties like Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County.
Major Cities of California
Alturas, Anaheim, Atascadero, Avalon, Bakersfield, Barstow, Bishop, Blythe, Calexico, Carlsbad, Chico, Chula Vista, Citrus Heights, Coalinga, Crescent City, Daly City, Davis, Delano, El Cajon, El Centro, Escondido, Eureka, Fairfield, Fort Bragg, Fresno, Gilroy, Glendale, Grass Valley, Hanford, Hesperia, Hollister, Independence, Indio, King City, Lakeport, Lancaster, Lodi, Lompoc, Lone Pine, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Los Banos, Los Gatos, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Modesto, Mojave, Monterey, Morro Bay, Napa, Needles, Oceanside, Oxnard, Palm Springs, Paradise, Pasadena, Paso Robles, Petaluma, Placerville, Porterville, Red Bluff, Redding, Redlands, Ridgecrest, Riverside, Roseville, Sacramento, Salinas, San Bernardino, San Clemente, San Diego, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, San Rafael, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Clarita, Santa Cruz, Santa Maria, Santa Rosa, Simi Valley, Sonora, Stockton, Sunnyvale, Susanville, Tehachapi, Turlock, Ukiah, Vallejo, Ventura, Victorville, Visalia, Vista, Wasco, Weaverville, Weed, Willows, Woodland, Yosemite Village, Yreka, and Yuba City.