Illinois is a US state Situated in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. It is a landlocked state. Map of Illinois covers an area of 57,914 square miles. The state is the 5th most populous with a population of 12.8 million and the 25th largest state of the country by area. Springfield is the official state capital of Illinois. It is located in the central part of the state.
In the early 16th century, a political alliance of local Native American Indian tribes was formed. The name Illiniwek later gave Illinois its name. The French colonized the region now known as Illinois in the 1600s. It remained a part of the French Empire until the Treaty of Paris of 1763. France had to surrender all of the Illinois countries to Britain. Illinois achieved statehood and became the 21st US state On December 3, 1818.
- Capital City: (pop.) Springfield 117,090 (2008)
- Illinois Population: 12,875,255 (2012 est. )
- Currency: U.S. Dollar
- Language: English, others
- Largest Cities: (by population) Chicago, Rockford, Aurora, Naperville, Peoria, Springfield, Joliet
- Statehood: December 3, 1818 (21st state)
Political Map of Illinois
Illinois is a landlocked state. It Situated in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. Political Map of Illinois covers an area of 57,914 square miles. It shares political borders with the states of Indiana, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Kentucky. Wisconsin state is to the north, Michigan via a water boundary in Lake Michigan to the northeast, Indiana to the east, and Kentucky to southeast.
The Mississippi River forms a border with Missouri and Iowa in the west. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. Springfield is the capital of Illinois and Chicago is the largest city of the state.
Physical Map of Illinois
Illinois is a US state Situated in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. The state shares border with Wisconsin state to the north, Michigan via a water boundary in Lake Michigan to the northeast, Indiana to the east, and Kentucky to the southeast. The state is an economically important state of the Union with a major transportation hub. Central Illinois is dotted with numerous small industrial cities while agricultural productivity characterizes northern Illinois.
Geography Map of Illinois
Illinois covers an area of 149,998 km² (57,914 sq mi) which makes it 25th in size of the 50 states. Compared with other US states, Illinois would fit three times into California. The main geography feature of Illinois is the fertile plains of the Central Lowland. It makes up approximately 80% of the GeographyMap of Illinois. Southern Illinois has Shawnee Hills and the Gulf Coastal Plain.
From the Chicago suburbs, moving west toward the Iowa border, the land gradually rises into a hilly area in the far-northwest. The state’s highest point Charles Mound at 1,235 ft. is located there. Major rivers in Illinois are the Mississippi River, Wabash River, Kaskaskia River, Rock River.
Some Major lakes in Illinois are the Rend Lake, a 21 km (13 mi) long, 4.8 km (3 mi) wide reservoir at the Big Muddy River in southern Illinois. Lake Shelbyville, Crab Orchard Lake are other major lakes.
Illinois Geography Facts
- Land Area: (land) 55,584 sq miles (water) 2,325 sq miles
- Bordering States: (5) Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, and Wisconsin
- Counties: (102) Map
- County: (largest by population) Cook 5,288,655
- Highest Point: Charles Mound, at 1,235 ft.
- Lowest Point: 279 ft. near the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers
Transportation Map of Illinois
The Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) maintains the Transportation Map of Illinois. The state is a national crossroads for air, auto, rail, and truck traffic Because of its central location. Major U.S. Interstate highways crossing the state include I-24 I-39, I-41, I-55, I-57, I-64, I-70, I-72, I-74, I-80, I-88, I-90, and I-94.
The two busiest airports in the state are Chicago O’Hare International Airport and Chicago Midway International Airport. Amtrak operates Lake Shore Limited, Capitol Limited, City of New Orleans, Texas Eagle, Southwest Chief, and California Zephyr routes through the state.
Cities Map of Illinois
Springfield is the capital of Illinois. Chicago is the largest city of the state. Largest cities in Illinois with a population : Chicago (2.7 million), Aurora (201,000), Rockford (148,000), Joliet (148,000), Naperville (147,000), Springfield (116,000), Peoria (114,000), and Elgin (112,000).
Other cities and towns:
Alton, Arlington Heights, Beardstown, Belleville, Bloomington, Cairo, Canton, Carbondale, Carmi, Centralia, Champaign, Charleston, Chicago Heights, Danville, Effingham, Evanston, Freeport, Galesburg, Granite City, Harrisburg, Havana, Jacksonville, Jerseyville, Kankakee, Kewanee, La Salle, Pekin, Peru, Pittsfield, Pontiac, Quincy, Rantoul, Rock Island, Salem, Skokie, Sterling, Streator, Urbana, Vandalia, Waukegan, and West Frankfort.