The Karabakh horse is the national animal of Azerbaijan. It is also known as the Karabai or Karabakhskaya. Equus ferus caballus is the scientific name of the Karabakh horse. Azerbaijan’s national animal Karabakh horse is a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse developed in Karabakh. They were developed under persuade of Turkoman, Iranian and then Arabian horses. That has influenced upon riding-horse breeding of southern Russia and several Southern European countries like Poland and France. It was used for development of local horses of the South Caucasus Breeding work.
Once in Agdam horse breeding plant of the Azerbaijan SSR was conducted for improvement of Karabakh horses. Due to its distinctive appearance, extraordinary workability, agility, speed and spirit, the people of Azerbaijan select the Karabakh horse as the national animal of Azerbaijan.
National animal of Azerbaijan facts—
- Common name: Horse
- Scientific name: Equus ferus caballus
- Height: 14.1-15.2 hands (The height of a horse is measured in hands, 1 hand being the same as 10cm or 4 inches).
- Weight: Around 1000 pounds
- Color: Bay, dark bay, chestnut, black, gray, or rarely roan
- Diet: Karabakh Horses are also herbivores like other horses and love to eat short, juicy grass. They also eat hay especially in the winter or when they are kept in a stable. Barley, oats, maize, chaff, bran or processed pony nuts also well feed for working horses.
- Major strength: Agility, speed, and spirit
- Major weakness: None
- Lifespan: 20 – 30 years.
Azerbaijan’s national animal, Karabakh horse is one of the fastest Horses in the world. The Karabakh horse is a type of horse which is renowned for speed and fortitude. The horse is characteristically hardy, physically powerful, tough and sure-footed stood between 14.1-15.2 hands in height (The height of a horse is measured in hands, 1 hand being the same as 10cm or 4 inches). The head of the Karabakh horse is small, well-defined, a square shape with a wide forehead, and hefty nostrils. Its neck is brawny, average in length, high and graceful.
It has a compact body, with precise and intense muscles. The shoulder is habitually upright. Its skin is thin and soft along with a glossy coat. The chestnut and bay are the main colors, with a typical golden tint; few are gray, and palominos and buckskins are rare. Most of them weigh around 1,000 pounds.
The national animal of Azerbaijan, Karabakh horses do extremely well in almost all disciplines. Being one of the best racing horse, it also used for combined driving, competitive trail, and endurance riding, eventing, working western events, Dressage, disciplines of all show ring, and as an excellent friend and companion whether in the backyard or on the trail.
It is also one of the premier carriage horses in the world. Due to its fast and agility, the Karabakh is known for its endurance and loyalty. Azerbaijan’s national animal Karabakh have different names for both male and female such as the adult female is called a mare, and a young female is called a filly while adult male is a stallion, and a young male is a colt. Whereas the horse babies of either sex are called a foal. According to the Oklahoma State University, it is believed that horses were first domesticated in Asia between 3000 and 4000 B.C. Back then, horses were used mostly for milk and meat. Eventually, horses joined oxen as a form of Horse transportation.
The national animal of Azerbaijan Karabakh horse has several cultural heritages, such as; in 2012, the breed appeared at the Royal Windsor Horse Show to perform at the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. A monument to the Karabakh horse was unveiled in Belgium in March 2017, and the Karabakh was the mascot of the 2017 Islamic Solidarity Games. In 2013, the traditional Karabakh horse riding game Chovqan, in the Republic of Azerbaijan was mentioned in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.