Hibiscus is the unofficial national flower of Haiti. Hibiscus rosa- sinensis is the scientific name of Hibiscus and in the Haitian language, it is called rose Cayenne. It is also known as China rose. Rosa-sinensis means rose of China but it is not related to the rose or Rosaceae family. It comes from Malvaceae/mallow family. It is also called rose mallow in some parts of Haiti.
It is a very colorful flower with large soft petals. It is found in bulk amounts all over Haiti. Hibiscus is native to the Asian tropical region. Some of the reasons which made the hibiscus the national flower of Haiti are it is most populous, multiple benefits in health and food, extraordinary color, and easy grow though out the country.
Hibiscus is found in various color and every color indicate different symbol. It has religious history too. According to Hindu mythology, the red hibiscus is the flower of Goddess Kaali and appears commonly in her depictions in the art of India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It is also used as the offering flower (Anjali call in the Bengali language) to the GoddesssKaaliand Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship. Hibiscus is the symbol of life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation. Because of all these aspects, the people of Haiti enormously love hibiscus and it is made the National flower symbol of Haiti.
Facts About National Flower of Haiti (Hibiscus)
- Common Name: Hibiscus or China rose
- Genus: Hibiscus
- Species: rosa-sinensis
- Found in: Native to Tropical region of Asia
- Color: White, pink, red, dark pink
- Number of petals: 5
- Form of the tree: Triangular, columnar, V-shape, weeping, flat-topped
- Time of blooming: Summer and autumn
- Purpose: Ornamental
- Symbolism: Life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation.
Description of Hibiscus
The national flower of Haiti hibiscus is called the “Queen of Tropical Flowers” though it is grown wildly in the world’s tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions as an ornamental plant. Hibiscus is a small tree with evergreen shrub, glossy single stem leaves. It grows up to 8 feet. As it is a diverse genus hibiscus made around 220 species of flowers with five bright colors like red, white, pink. Purple and yellow. Hibiscus rosa- sinensisor ‘China rose’ is the most popular among its 220 varieties.
People have been fencing and ornamenting their gardens by planting hibiscus trees for many years. The Tahitian and Hawaiian girls have traditionally worn hibiscus which has a secret symbolic indication. The woman who wore it behind her left ear means she is married and if she wore it on the right ear it means she is single and waiting for a relationship.
It grows in rich and well-drained moist soil full of the sun naturally near ditches, edge of ponds, and swamps. Usually, the hibiscus is considered as an ornamental flower, decoration of hoses and fencing gardens, and beautification of lawn and premises. The hibiscus is one of the great gifts of the Creator to His creation as it can be used for any purpose. It is the source of food and medicinal uses. Hibiscus tea has a delicious taste and is caffeine-free with a lovely fragrance.
The dried hibiscus is edible and used as food. Hibiscus tea is renowned by various names and brands. In Australia, it is Roselia, Latin America flor de Jamaica in and sorrel in Jamaica. It has a lot of health benefits like protecting the Liver, Manage Blood Pressure, minimizing Cholesterol, improving Digestion, Satiates Thirst, Lowers weight, Act as Anti-Inflammatory an Antibacterial Agent, Act as Antidepressant Agent, and having Anti-Cancer Properties. Indian Ayurveda physicians use the hibiscus for hair loss treatment, in the Philippines hibiscus roots are used as an aperitif and tonic.
The indigenous people of South Africa use hibiscus leaf for dressing septic wounds. The Juice of hibiscus is a very popular health beverage in Jamaica and Mexico. To sum up, Hibiscus is the people’s favorite national flower of Haiti. Although it is an unofficial national symbol of Haiti, it symbolizes Life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation. That’s why Hibiscus is the national flower of Haiti.