Cyclamen is the national flower of Israel. The scientific name of the flower is also Cyclamen. Originating from the Middle East, the Cyclamen persicum naturally grows in countries such as Palestine, Syria, Israel, Greece, Turkey, Tunisia, or even Mediterranean islands like Rhodes, Cyprus, and Sicily.
It belongs to the family of Primulaceae, sub-family of Myrsinoideae, the order of Ericales, tribe of Cyclamineae, and the kingdom of Plantae. Due to its hard plant, scented flowers, home, and garden beauty, and its traditional use in herbal medicine it becomes the famous and national flower of Israel country.
Cyclamen is the favorite national flower symbol of the Israel people. Cyclamen is a tuberous perennial. In warmer climates, it may be planted in the ground and will reappear every year. In colder areas, it may be wise to add an extra layer of mulch to protect it from harsh temperatures during the winter. Israeli flowers have 5 petals, bent outside or upside.
Facts About Israel’s National Flower (Cyclamen)
- Common Name: Cyclamen
- Genus: Cyclamen
- Found in: Woody and rocky areas
- Color: various shades of white, red, pink, or purple
- Number of petals: 5
- Time of blooming: Winter
- Purpose: Ornamental tree
- Symbolism: Departure
Size And Description
In addition, it may seem to be twisted sometimes, and connected at the base into a cup, and five sepals behind the cup. The Cyclamen flower has an upside face 1–3 mm out of the nose of the flower and the stamens are beneath the flower. In some species, however, the cone of anthers sticks out highly about 2–3 mm (0.09–0.13 in) beyond the rim of the corolla, comparable to shelling star.
The flower has a tuber, which helps in growing the leaves, flowers, and roots. The leaves of most species of cyclamen start to appear at the beginning of autumn. Its growing season is probably the winter, and it dies in the spring season. Cyclamen is a hard, woody, decorative, and multi-species flower. Due to its five packed petals and several colors pink, white or purple, it has become the decoration piece of the houses.
In flower meaning, cyclamen means departure. So it is can be a beautiful gift on the departure of someone who is leaving the country, getting retirement, etc. The people of the country love this flower because it brings color and beauty to the home with ease without much of a struggle. Besides this, Cyclamens prefer shady conditions and are popularly used as a decorative house or garden plant, and are often grown in pots. Each flower on a stem comes from a developing point on the tuber.
The stem of all classes normally bent 150-180° at the tip, which tries to move the face of the flower downwards. It tolerates temperature down to −20 °C (−4 °F). Below to −30 °C is a freezing point. The flower name is derived from the Greek word (“Kuklos”) means circle. It is used in habitual herbal medicine to recover/cure wounds and swellings.
The best-known cyclamen, Cyclamen persicum, is a significant edible wild plant in Iran and Palestine. Its leaves are also cooked filled with rice, minced mutton meat, spices and eaten with yogurt. Some cyclamens go dormant in summer and appear to be dead; however, they will generally re-sprout leaves in autumn.
To sum up, Cyclamen is the people’s favorite national flower of Israel. Although it is an unofficial national symbol of Israel, it outstandingly represents and glorifies the spirit of the culture of Israel.