Black IrisorIris Nigricans is the national flower of Jordar. Iris Nigricans is the scientific name of Jordan’s national flower Black Iris. It comes from Iridaecae family. Once it was cultivated on the house roof in Japan and China so that it also known as roof Iris. Every country deserves to designate their national emblems to signifying their own identity. It may be designed or visual object but it should be represents quality, type expression and culture etc.
Whereas flower is one of the important parts of national emblem, it should traditional or religious back ground, which took back hundreds or thousands of years. On the other hand it can select on the basis of public interest or popularity. Iris means ‘rainbow’ in Greek language. Usually Iris have mind blowing colors like orange, pink, white brown, blue, purple and lavender.
If the gardener planted Iris plant in the same part of the garden with the color variety, it can shows rainbow spectrum at the time of blooming. But the black iris has only two colors, black and dark purple. It is really unmatched color. The people of Algeria enormously attracted to Iris like other countries and causing with the state body happily adopted the Black Iris or Iris Nigricans as the national flower and flower symbol of Jordan.
Facts about National Flower of Jordan (Balack Iris)
- Common Name: Black Iris
- Genus: Iris
- Species: I. Nigricans
- Found in: Native to Central Europe and hot & humid southeastern America
- Color: Dark pink to black
- Number of petals: 6
- Time of blooming: June or early summer.
- Habitat: Ornamental, gardens, roadsides, shores, sometimes wild.
- Symbolism: Royalty, Hope, Faith, Bravery and Wisdom.
The national flower of JordanBlack Irisis commonly known as IrisNgricans and Iris patrana in Jordan. There are some other Iris belong inIridaecae family and they are Bearded Iris, German Iris, Iris Kochi, Blue flag Iris and also three groups those are draft, intermediate and tall. Tall Irises are bearded and it is populous for home gardening and landscapes. Iris kochii in native to northern Italy and it have deep blue-purple flowers.
All the variety and type of Iris flower have long stalk. It has six petals which three are upward and rest three sagging down. Iris plant belong 3 to 10 sword shape bluish-green leaves. The stem of Iris erected up to 38” and can produced more than 10 buds. At least 300 variety of Iris cultivates all over the world. Most of the Iris in all variety and color are originated of Asia and Europe. After flourishing the Iris flower lasting only three days. They attract bees and humming bird though its fragrance. Bees and humming bird take responsibility for pollinate the flowers.
It grows in rich and well drained moist soil with full of sun naturally near river banks, foot of the cold rocky hills, and semi-desert area. Usually the Iris flower are being consider as ornamental flower, decoration of hoses and beautification of lawn and premises. It also used in may purposes. In the ancient Indian and Egyptian culture Iris rhizomes were uses for making perfume that offer to the gods and orris bi-product also used to religious purpose. Also some of the medicines are made of Iris root. They are the medicine for Syphilis, dropsy, Stomach problem and skin infection.
Iris flower can signify emotions on the basis of color. Like as, purple iris for wisdom, white for purity, blue for faith and yellow for passion. Iris is not only the national flower of Jordanbut also the national flower of France and Algeria and the state flower of Tennessee.
To sum up, Iris is the people’s favorite national flower of Jordan. Although it is the national symbol of Jordan, it symbolizes Royalty, Hope, Faith, Bravery and Wisdom.