Red Carnation is the national flower of Monaco. Dianthus caryophyllus is the scientific name of Red Carnation and it is commonly known as Red Carnation. Carnations are traditionally flowers used to express feelings since olden days. Like roses, colors of carnations carry different meanings and it is wise to find out the meanings for each color before giving them as presents. The history of the carnation dates back to ancient times when it was used in art. Red Carnation is widely grown all over the country. This is why they are considered as the national flower of Monaco.
Facts about Monaco’s National Flower (Red Carnation)
Common Name: Red Carnation, carnation
Color: Red, white, yellow and green, pinkish purple
Time of blooming: June
Purpose: Ornamental tree
Symbolism: Love and Fascination
The national flower of Monaco is Red carnation. It is locally known as carnation. The scientific name of the red carnation is Dianthus caryophyllus. It belongs to caryophyllaceae family. The scientific name of this flower Dianthus comes from a combination of two Latin words: “Dios” meaning gods and “anthos” meaning flower. So it referred as the flowers of the gods. Carnation is an herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous having sort of greyish green to blue-green color, slender, up to 15 cm long.
The flowers are produced separately or up to five together in a cyme; they are 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly perfumed. The original natural flower color is bright pinkish-purple, but other colors, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed. Carnations require well-drained impartial or slightly alkaline soil, full sun and the soil should be kept moist. Over-watering of the plants should be avoided as this may tend to turn the leaves yellow. The national flower of the people of Monaco, Red Carnations is bisexual plant and bloom in the month of June and they continue to bloom for six to eight weeks. This flower is known as the symbol of love, affection and admiration in different countries.
Red carnation is the most popular flower of Monaco. This flower not only has significance in the Monaco region, it is symbolic in many other countries as well. The most attractive flower of Chinese wedding is the carnation. In fact, it is the most common flower used in Chinese wedding ceremonies and other celebrations. In Japan, the red carnation symbolizes love and is the most common flower for Mother’s Day (also in the USA). It is also the birth flower for January.
All carnations symbolize love and heart feeling but different colors of the flower also carries different meanings. Red carnation is the symbol of Deep Love and Admiration, White carnation symbolizes Pure Love and Good Luck, Pink carnation represents A Mother’s Love and Yellow carnation is the symbol of Disappointment or Rejection. Carnations are used in tea to relieve stress, weakness, depression, insomnia and female hormonal imbalances. It used in massage oils to treat skin irritations or reduce the appearance of wrinkles and treat chest congestion.
To sum up, Red Carnation is the national flower of Monaco. This is one of the oldest cultivated flowers of the world and is appreciated for its decorative appearance, attractive fragrance and long lasting blooming period. The relation of this flower to the tradition of the country is what makes the Red carnation the national flower of Monaco.