Hibiscus is the unofficial national flower of Vanuatu. Hibiscus brackenridgei is the scientific name of Hibiscus. It comes from malvaecae/mallow family. It is very much favorite to the Vanuatu’s people for its outstanding beauty and color image. It is also populous for great hibiscus tea and dry flower. It found on bulk amount all over the Vanuatu. Hibiscus is the native to Asian tropical region. It has also religious history. According to the Hindu mythology the red hibiscus is the flower of Goddess Kaali and appears commonly in depictions of her in the art of India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It also used as offering flower (Anjali call in Bengali language) to the Goddess Kaali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship. Hibiscus is the symbol of Life, courage and rapid growth of the nation. Still hibiscus is not officially declared as the national flower or national symbol of Vanuatu, but it is the most people choice flower of Vanuatu.
Facts about National Flower Vanuatu (Hibiscus)
- Common Name: Hibiscus
- Genus: Hibiscus
- Species: H. brackenridgei
- Found in: Native to Tropical region of Asia
- Color: White, pink, red, dark pink
- Number of petals: 5
- Form of the tree: Triangular, columnar, V-shape, weeping, flat-topped
- Time of blooming: Summer and autumn
- Purpose: Ornamental
- Symbolism: Life, courage and rapid growth of the nation.
The unofficial national flower of Vanuatu hibiscus or called the “Queen of Tropical Flowers” though it is grow wildly in the world’s tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate regions as ornamental plant. Hibiscus is a small tree with evergreen shrub, glossy single stem leaves. It grows up to 8 feet tall. As it is a diverse genus hibiscus made around 220 species of flowers, which have five bright colors like red, white, pink, purple and yellow. Hibiscus rosa- sinensis that means ‘China rose’ is the most popular among its 220 variety.
People have fencing and ornamenting their gardens by planting hibiscus tree. The Tahitian and Vanuatu’s girls are traditionally worn hibiscus which has a secret symbolic indication. The woman who wore behind her left ear it means she is married and if she wore it on right ear it means she is single and waiting for relationship. It grows in rich and well drained moist soil with full of sun naturally near ditches, edge of ponds and swamps. Usually the hibiscus are being consider as ornamental flower, decoration of hoses and fencing gardens and beautification of lawn and premises.
The hibiscus is one the great gift of creator to his creature as it has or can be used for many purposes. It is the source of food and medicinal use. Hibiscus tea has delicious taste and caffeine free with lovely fragrance. The dried hibiscus is edible and used to food. Hibiscus tea is rewound by various names and brands. In Australia it is Roselia, Latin America flor de Jamaica, inEgypt Karkede( Karke day) and sorrel in Jamaica, . It has lot of health benefit like; Protects Liver, Manage Blood Pressure, minimize Cholesterol, improves Digestion, Satiates Thirst, Lowers weight, Act as Anti-Inflammatory an Antibacterial Agent, Act as Antidepressant Agent and has Anti-Cancer Properties.
Indian Ayurveda physicians use the hibiscus for hair loss treatment, in Philippines hibiscus roots being used as an aperitif and tonic. The Adivasi of South Africa use hibiscus leaf for dressing septic wound. The Juice of hibiscus is very popular heath beverage in Jamaica and Mexico.
To sum up, Hibiscus is the people’s favorite national flower of Vanuatu. Although it is an unofficial national symbol of Vanuatu, symbol of Life, courage and rapid growth of the nation.