Bougainvillea is the national flowerof Zambia. Bougainvillea Nyctaginaceae is the scientific name of this flower. Bougainvillea is also known in various names such as buganvilla in Spain, bugambilia in Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Philippines, bouganvilla in India, pokokbungakertas in Indonesia, Malaysia, bougenville in Pakistan, Napoleón in Honduras, jahanamiya in Arab World, veranera in Colombia, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Panama, trinitaria in Colombia, Panama, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic & Venezuela, Santa Rita in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay and papelillo in northern Peru. It is a genus of thorny decorative vines, scrubs, and trees with spring leaves like flower close to its flowers.Bougainvillea, the national flower of Zambiais the native plant of South America, Brazil, Ecuador and southern Argentina.
Facts about Zambia’s National Flower (Bougainvillea)
- Common Name: Bougainvillea
- Genus: Bougainvillea
- Species: Nyctaginaceae
- Found in: South America, Brazil, Ecuador and southern Argentina
- Color: White, red, yellow, orange
- Form of the tree: thorny decorative vines, scrubs
- Time of blooming: October
- Purpose: Ornamental tree
The bougainvillea flowers are small in size and they also have no scents. As a result it is very problematic for them to charm insects such as bees and butterflies to do pollination. However, the flower has its own guiles in order to produce offspring. It expands the buds next to the flower petals and colors them in red, yellow, white, orange. Also it colors them into red and white colors.This coloring makes Zambia’s national flower symbol,Bougainvillea,look quite like lovely flower petals.
In this manner, the flower turns into a place regularly visited by bees and butterflies and the problem of reproduction is solved.Bougainvillea’s stalks look quite strange. They can twist towards the left or right, they can alsotwist towards many directions. They can wind together and ensnare into ties too.Thebougainvillea’stwigs and vines are long and thorny. The vines of this flower are greatly flexible.They have resilient vitality and they are tolerable for cutting. Local inhabitants often intertwine them into supports for flower, flower pillars, green corridors, arches, and decorations for the surfaces of walls. They also cut them into all shapes for people viewing and admiration.
Potted plants are made from aged stalks.Theypossess hearty vivacity and can be repeated through implanting the branches into the soil.They can also be grafted preciously this way. Zambia’s national flower, bougainvillea, needs warm humid climate. It does not prefer cold, 3℃ above the safety of winter and 15℃ or more before flowering. Adequate light, well-drained soil which rich with minerals is needed for its growth. It grows fine in heavy clay loam. Bougainvillea likes the warm and humid, sunny environment. May and June is the cultivation period. The mature woody branches grow up to 20 cm.The flowering period is very long, it is up to three or four months. Petals are fresh and beautiful. Ithas a very long flowering period, typicallyit is around January.
To sum up, Bougainvillea is the most favorite flower of the people of Zambia and it became the national flower symbol of Zambia.