The Red Rose is one of the national flower of Iran. Scientific name of Red Rose is Rosa Persia. It belongs to Rosaceae family. The Rose, the national flower of Iran,is also the world most recognized symbol of love and beauty (also war and politics). There is no human being but loves Rose. Originally the birth place of Rose was the ancient Persia that was introduced to the west world by Alexander.
Now Rose is the flower of universe and is cultivated or grown all over the world. In the reign of Persian Empire, Rose gardening was accustomed to the Persian people. For that reason the then Persian Empire adopted the Red Rose is the National Flower of Persia. Iran was the part of Persia. So, the Rose also became the National Flower of Iran.
Facts about National Flower of Iran (Red Rose)
- Common Name: Red Rose
- Genus: Rosa
- Species: Persica
- Found in: All over Iran and also all over the world
- Color: Blue, White, Pink, Red, Purple and yellow
- Number of petals: 5
- Number of Sepals: 5
- Period of blooming: All around the year, mostly in winter and spring season
- Purpose: Decoration, Food and herbal value
- Symbolism: Purity of soul and unity
The National Flower of Iran– Red Rose is the most distinguished and significantly most beloved flower in the universe. Rose has more than 100 different species, lion’s shareof which is growing in Asia. The rest grows is Europe, North America and Africa. Due to the commercial breeding in present time Roses are available all over the world. As the Rose cultivation started in 500 years BC, the variety of Roses reach more than 13000.National flower of Iran, Rose grows in full Sun to partly shade, in humus-rich, well-drains and moist soil. Its dense stems are covered in prickles.
The leaves of rose are innately compound with 5 to 9 leaflets with a corrugated surface.Many of the countries adopted the Rose as their national flower such as Bulgaria, Czech, Ecuador, Iran, Luxemburg, Maldives, Rumania and Slovakia. And it is also the state flower of Oklahoma, Georgia, Iowa and North Dakota. The Rose has great historical importance for the Egyptians and Romans. Romans decorated their rooms with colorful Roses. The Rose represents different symbols by color species. Red Rose is the symbol of Love, white is the symbol of purity, orange of excitement, pink of delight and yellow of friendship.
The dark Red Rose is known as black. It is a symbol of sorrow or symbol of separation. In Mythology, the rose is associated with Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, which has often been illustrated with roses around her head, feet and neck. It is also said that a rosebush has grown in the heart of Adonis’ blood pool, the murdered lover of Aphrodite. In Christian mythology, it is also said that a rosebush would have grown on the site of the death of Christ.The Red Rose, the national flower of Iran has lots of health and nutritious value.
Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Calcium, Carbohydrate, Iron, Dietary fiber, and Calories are found in the Rose petals. Many herbal medicines are made from Rose petals and hip (fruit of Rose is called hip). Hip varies according to species. Some of hips are extremely rich in Vitamin C. Jam, jelly can made from rose hip.
To sum up, the Red Rose national flower of Iranis the symbol of love & beauty, the honor, the faith, the devotion, passion and sensuality. So, it is natural to choose Rose as the national flower of Iran.