The Violet is the state flower of Illinois. Its scientific name is Viola sororia. It belongs to Violaceae family. Viola is the genus of the violet flower and its species is Viola sororia. The Illinois’s state flower Violet is commonly known as Viola sororia, also known as Viola papilionacea, common blue violet, common meadow violet, and purple violet. As a perennial flowering plant Viola sororia it is native to the most of eastern North America. On the basis of the above the state authority designated the Purple Violet or Violet as the Illinois State Flower on January 21, as well as the state symbol of Illinois. It is also the state flower of Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Wisconsin.
State Flower of Illinois Facts:
- Common Name: Viola sororia, also known as Viola papilionacea, common blue violet, common meadow violet, and purple violet.
- Genus: Viola
- Species: Viola sororia
- Found in: native to the most of eastern North America
- Color: Medium to dark violet
- Number of petals: 5
- Period of blooming: March to June
- Purpose: Ornamental
- Symbolism: Beauty and modesty of a young girl.
The Illinois’s state flower Violet is an herbaceous perennial plant with the leaves and blossoms are budding directly from the bulbs, and outward appearance a basal decoration. It is a distinctive mature plant that may be 6″ across and 4″ high, with the flowers somewhat higher than the leaves. The leaves are singly up to 3″ long and 3″ across without the long petioles. The leaves color of the violet plants are mostly varies from yellowish green to dark green, which is depending on growing conditions. It is nearly in oval-ovate to orbicular-cordate in shape and crenate or dents along the margins. Some of the different populace of plants can varies of their leaves those are hairiness – from nearly glabrous to noticeably hairy or pubertal.
The Illinois’s state flower Violet are about three forth inch transversely, and having 5 rounded petals. The arrangements of 5 petals are 2 upper and 2 lateral petals with white hairs or beards near the esophagus of the flower. The rest one is a lower order, which is functioning as landing terminals for visiting insects. The flowers of Viola sororia are medium to dark violet in color. The inner gullet of each flower is mostly white and from which is a little shady stratum emit outward along the petals predominantly the lower one. The Purple violet or violet flower has no conspicuous fragrance. The blooming period transpires from mid- to late spring, and stays about one to one and half months. During the summer, the self pollinating flowers without petals generate seeds, which are hurling outward by perfunctory expulsion from the tri-parted seed capsules. The root system having of thick, horizontally branched of rhizomes; which has an affinity to creates vegetative camps.
The Illinois is very common of natural habitats including open woodlands, woodland edges, savannas, and wooded slopes along rivers or lakes with moist and well balanced moisturizing climates. It can be found in lawns, city parks, moist waste areas, and along hedges or buildings. For well grown of the purple violet plant needed the soil enriches silt loam or clay loam with more than standard amounts of organic substance. When the leaves are exposed to full sun under dry conditions the leaves have an affinity to turn yellowish green– it is a normal reaction, and is not inevitably a warning of pitiable health. The violet plant is effortless to cultivate, and it will spread beneath encouraging situations.
The young leaves and flowers of violets are suitable for eating, and can be added to salads in little amounts, which is tasteless.
To sum up, Violet or Viola sororia is the state flower of Illinois that symbolize faith, mystical awareness, the subconscious, inspiration, spiritual passion, profuseness and sovereignty also the spirit of the state that makes it as the state flower of Illinois.