The American pasque or Pulsatilla hirsutissima is the state flower of South Dakota. Its scientific name is Pulsatilla hirsutissima. It belongs to the Ranunculaceae family. Pulsatilla is the genus of the American pasque and its species is P. hirsutissima, which synonyms are Pulsatilla alpina, Pulsatilla bungeana, Pulsatilla cernua, Pulsatilla chinensis, Pulsatilla grandis, Pulsatilla halleri, Pulsatilla koreana, Pulsatílla kostyczewii, Pulsatilla Montana, Pulsatilla nigricans, Pulsatilla occidentalis, Pulsatilla patens, Pulsatilla pratensis, Pulsatilla subslavica, Pulsatilla vernalis, Pulsatilla vulgaris.
The South Dakota’s state flower Pulsatilla hirsutissima or American pasque is commonly known as Easter flower, May Day flower, gosling flower, wild crocus, prairie crocus, prairie anemone, meadow anemone, sand flower, wind flower and prairie smoke.
The American pasque flower plant is a native perennial plant, which are found in all through the U.S state south Dakota and native to meadows and prairies of North America (Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Iowa, Michigan, North Dakota, Texas, Washington), Europe, Asia.
To select the official state floral emblem of South Dakota a bill has been brought in the house of legislators where the flower described as “the pasque or wind flower”. The Law makers approved the bill with rename the flower as the American pasque flower (Anemone patens). On May 5, 1903, The American pasque or wind flower along with the motto “I lead,” was approved as the official floral emblem of South Dakota. In 1919, the bill was amended to substitute the Pulsatilla hirsutissima for Anemone patens.
State Flower of South Dakota Facts:
- Common Name: Easter flower, May Day flower, gosling flower, wild crocus, prairie crocus, prairie anemone, meadow anemone, sand flower, wind flower and prairie smoke.
- Genus: Pulsatilla
- Species: Pulsatilla hirsutissima
- Found in: all through the U.S state south Dakota and native to meadows and prairies of North America (Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Iowa, Michigan, North Dakota, Texas, Washington), Europe, Asia.
- Color: Color ranges from dark lavender to almost white
- Number of petals: 5 to 7 petal like sepal.
- Stems: Numerous
- Period of blooming: April until May
- Purpose: Ornamental
The South Dakota’s state flower American pasque or Pulsatilla hirsutissima is a tough overwintering perennial flowering plant. The plant are prefers to grow in well-drained, alkaline soils with full to partial sun. In moist climates, these perennials are best situated on sloping beds, rockslides and in elevate beds so that the roots have not facing waterlogged environments through the winter. It can grow up to 17 inches in tall with single to few outstanding bell-shaped flowers. It consists with five to seven petal-like sepals, which are united at the base with individual deep- blue to purple color. The leaves are being arranged a linear with a whorl of dark- brown to dark-purple color droopily encircling the deep-blue flower.
The American Pasque flowers in the state flower of South Dakota, which are the maiden welcoming symptoms of the spring that have to arrive in South Dakota. The life cycle of these charming flowers start in late March and by midsummer, their life cycle is complete. The parent plants has discrete their seeds through the wind, so that the new plants are developed and that is why it called as wind flowers.
Pulsatilla patens var. multifida one of the species of Pasque flower has powerful healing agent. The colonizers and Native Americans have used poor amounts for different ailments and situations; they use dried leaves tea as the remedy of rheumatism, massed of dried leaves used as a topical treatment, and also alleviate headaches through aromatherapy.
The state flower of South Dakota, USA is undoubtedly an eye-catching beauty that grows in plenty throughout the state. Because of its stunning gorgeousness and the frequent occurrence in nature in South Dakota, it was a natural fit for the state to choose.