Tulip poplar is the state tree of Indiana. It is commonly known as Tulip-poplar, also called Tulip-poplar, white-poplar, and whitewood, American tulip tree, whitewood, fiddle-tree, and yellow poplar, which are scientifically known as Liriodendron tulipiferaand. Indiana’s state tree Tulip poplar is a tree, which comes from Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family. Tulip poplar is belongs the genus of Liriodendron with the species of L. tulipiferaand. It is native to eastern North America from Southern Ontario and Illinois, eastward to southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and south to central Florida and Louisiana.
Tulip poplar is the most favorite tree among the people of Indiana and widely cultivated throughout the state. It is now cultivated many parts of the world. When a state bodies select a symbol for the state it should be represent extra ordinary design, quality, availability, expression, and usefulness, cultural, traditional and religious back ground, which go back thousands of years or its popularities. On the basis of the above mentioned facts, the Tulip poplar has been designated as the official state tree of Indiana duly approved by the state legislature on March 3, 1931. It is not only the state tree of Indiana but also the official tree of Kentucky, and Tennessee.
Facts about State Tree of Indiana [Tulip poplar]
- Common Name: Tulip-poplar, white-poplar, and whitewood, American tulip tree, whitewood, fiddle-tree, and yellow poplar.
- Genus: Liriodendron
- Species: Liriodendron tulipiferaand
- Found in: native to eastern North America from Southern Ontario and Illinois eastward to southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and south to central Florida and Louisiana.
- Flower: The flowers of Tulip poplar are pale green or yellow and rare occasion it may white, with an orange gang on the tepals; they have succumbed huge amount of nectar. The flowers appears April to June.
- Bark: The bark of the Tulip poplar tree is usually light gray-gray frequently with white in furrow or in patches when it is juvenile which will ultimately develop flat-topped ridges in diamond shaped patterns.
- Leaf: The leaves are oppositely arranged, easy, ovate shaped, accurately seamed, 6–13 cm long and 4–6 cm wide, which are with an apparently entire margin. It turns to rich red-brown in fall.
- Fruits: The fruits are an oblong aggregate of samaras; it is deciduous when it became matured. Every samara has 1-wing, about 2 inches long, and coiled upwards at seed cavity like the front keel of a boat. The fruit matured in August to October and propagate through late fall and winter;
- Purpose: Ornamental, Food and herbal value
- Symbolism: Devotion, safety, fertility, loyalty, passion, desire, determination, Illusion.
Indiana’s state tree Tulip poplar can rise to 50m or more in virgin bay forests of the Appalachian Mountains. It can reaches up to 25m in height frequently without any branches, which are making its most precious timber tree. It is one of the fast-growing trees that can able to cultivate without the general evils of weak wood strength and short existence, which are frequently found in other fast-growing species of trees. It is also one of the tallest and attractive species of eastern hardwoods. The Tulip poplar or yellow poplar needs deep rich, well-drained soils and prefers forest cove or bays and lower peak slopes, where they may be stay more than 300 years of life.
The Indiana’s state tree Tulip poplar wood has commercially significance due to its versatility and as an alternate for increasingly scarce softwoods, fine grained, light, easily worked, durable, brittle, it is not so strong but does not split reasonably used in furniture, plywood and framing construction. It is also appreciated as a honey tree, source of wildlife food, and a shade tree for big areas.
The Indiana’s state tree Tulip poplar has many medicinal properties. The inner bark of the Tulip poplar tree is strongly pungent bitter, particularly its root; it is used domestically as a diuretic, tonic and refreshment. The raw green bark is also chewed as an aphrodisiac. It also serves to correct the bitterness of the beer. The tea that made from the bark Tulip poplar have been used as the remedy of indigestion, dysentery, rheumatism, coughs, fevers etc.
To sum up, The State tree of Indiana, Tulip poplar symbolizes the Devotion, safety, fertility, loyalty, passion, desire, determination, Illusion for Indiana and the state spirit, pride and identity of Indiana.
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