Single-leaf pinyon is one of the State Tree of Nevada. Pinus monophylla is the scientific name of white pine and it is commonly known as Single Leaf Piñon, Single Leaf Pinyon Pine, Stone Pine, Pine Pinyon, also called pinyon, nut pine, one-leaf pine, and piñon in Spanish language. Pinus are the genus of the white pine and P. monophylla is its species. The Nevada’s State tree Single-leaf pinyon is belongs from the family of Pinaceae, which is native to the United States and northwest Mexico.
The range is in southernmost Idaho, western Utah, Arizona, southwest New Mexico, Nevada, eastern and southern California and northern Baja California. It is mostly important for timber and pulp round the world. That’s why it is widely spread and it is grown in different parts of the world. On basis of the facts that stated above, the state Legislature of Nevada designated the Single-leaf pinyon as the official state tree of Nevada in 1953. It is not only the State tree of Nevada but it is also State/national tree of many other countries or states with its variety.
Facts about Nevada’s State Tree (Single-leaf pinyon)
- Common name: Single Leaf Piñon, Single Leaf Pinyon Pine, Stone Pine, Pine Pinyon, also called pinyon, nut pine, one-leaf pine, and piñon in Spanish language
- Genus: Pinus
- Species: Pinus monophylla
- Found in: native to the United States and northwest Mexico. The range is in southernmost Idaho, western Utah, Arizona, southwest New Mexico, Nevada, eastern and southern California and northern Baja California.
- Flower: The Single-leaf pinyon have produces both male and female flower in same tree. The male flowers are small, dark orange and regularly clustered next to the end of the branches; female flowers occur singly or in pairs near the ends of branches.
- Bark: The bark of the immature single-leaf pinyon is thin, smooth, with gray-white color, which is turn to furrow and reddish-brown. Old trees on harsh, gusty sites may have only a few strands of bark residual in fissures that protected from sandblasting winds.
- Leaf: The leaves of single-leaf pinyon are acicular, short in size, curved, bundles of 5, dark green but generally covered with white dots of dried resin. The leaves have stayed on tree for 10-17 years, generous a bushy appearance, which is similar to a fox’s tail.
- Fruits: The fruits of single-leaf pinyon are called ‘Cones’. The cones are subglobose; symmetrical. If the cones are open, it size can be 3.5-5.0 cm long, 4.5-7.0 cm broad. It is yellow to ochre colored; dehiscent; deciduous at the time of maturity, the peduncles are tiny and falling with the cone.
- Purpose: ornamental.
- Symbolism: Wisdom and longevity, peace, virtue, good luck, prosperity, and good health, fertility, masculinity, and winter.
The Pine is the easiest recognized plant by the peoples throughout the world. There are almost 115 species of the pines exist in the world (different opinions 105 to 125 species) most of which are native to the Northern Hemisphere. At least 36 significant species of pines are native to the Northern America and Canada out of which the 13 most exposed pines are; Single-leaf pinyon(Pinus strobus),Single-leaf pinyon(Pinus monticola),Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana),Red pine (Pinus resinosa),Pitch pine (Pinus rigida),Jack pine (Pinus banksiana), white pine (Pinus palustris),Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata),Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda),Slash pine (Pinus elliottii), Virginia pine (Pinus virginiana),Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta),Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).
The Nevada’s State tree the Single-leaf pinyon is one of the most widespread trees in the Great Basin and the pinyon seeds provided an important food for Native Americans of the Great Basin. It is adaptable and prefers well-drained soils, which do well in warmer inner climates that endow with ample warm. It is a slow growing plant that may take ten to fifteen years to attain a height more than ten feet. In occasion it can be reach up to thirty feet tall. The tree has stiff gray-green needles up to two inches long that are typically carried singly, making it unique among pines. Mature trees produce crops of knobby three to five inch long cones bearing large nutritious seeds.
The Nevada’s State tree the Single-leaf pinyon have been used as Christmas tree since 16th Century begins from the ancient Germany and then it occurs internationally from 19th century. Most of the Christian people throughout the world choose it as Christmas tree. It is also burly related with Christmas and the Christmas season. The branches of pine trees are tough enough to embrace ornaments, candles, and strings of lights. Its distinctive aroma attracts people frequently towards it.
To sum up, Pine is the people’s favorite State tree of Nevada, which symbolized Wisdom and longevity, peace, virtue, good luck, prosperity, and good health, fertility, masculinity, and winter. Although it is an official State tree symbol of Nevada, it outstandingly represents and glorifies the spirit of Nevada culture.