Red Oak or Northern Red Oak is the state tree of New Jersey. The scientific name of the New Jersey’s state tree Red Oak is Quercus Rubra, synonyms is Quercus borealis. Quercus is the genus of the Red Oak and Q. rubra is its species. It is commonly known as Northern Oak, Champion Oak, common red oak, eastern red oak, mountain red oak, and gray oak. It belongs from the beech family of Fagaceae. It is found all through the New Jersey, also native of North America, northeastern United States and southeast Canada. It is cultivate from the north end of the Great Lakes, east to Nova Scotia, south as far as Georgia.On June 13, 1950, Governor Alfred E. Driscoll signed the legislation that making the Red Oak or Northern Red Oak or Quercus rubra as the state tree of New Jersey.
It is not only the state tree of New Jersey but also state and national tree of many other countries and states with variant of species, like as State tree of Iowa (Bur Oak), Maryland, Illinois, Connecticut (White Oak) and national tree of Germany, Italy, Latvia, Moldova, Serbia, Romania, USA (Oak), Croatia, Estonia (Pedunculate Oak), Cyprus (Golden Oak), Portugal (Coral Oak), United Kingdom (Royal Oak).
Facts about New Jersey’s State Tree [Red Oak]
- Common Name: Red Oak, Northern Red Oak, Champion Oak, common red oak, eastern red oak, mountain red oak, and gray oak,
- Genus: Quercus
- Species: Quercus Rubra
- Found in: It is found all through the New Jersey, also native of North America, northeastern United States and southeast Canada.
- Flower Color: Male flowers are pale yellow-green and female flowers are reddish
- Time of blooming: April to May.
- Twig: Pretty stout, red-brown and glabrous. Fatal buds are numerous, rather large, ovoid, and enclosed with red-brown, frequently bald scales
- Bark: On immature stems are smooth and in maturity the bark develops wide, flat-topped edges and shallow grooves
- Leaf: Rotate, seven to nine-lobed, oblong-oval to oblong in shape, five to ten inches length, four to six inches wide; seven to eleven lobes.
Fruit: Acorns (fruits of the Oak tree) are in bunch of 3 to 5, which are maturing in a season.
- Type: Deciduous
- Purpose: Fragrant, ornamental.
- Symbolism: Sovereignty, power, Strength & Endurance, Generosity & Protection, Justice, Nobility, Honesty & Bravery
The New Jersey’s state tree Red Oak is a deciduous tree grows straight and tall, generally can be height to 28 m (92 ft), unusually to 43 m (141 ft) tall, with a trunk of up to 50–100 cm (20–39 in) diameter. Open-grown trees do not get as tall, but can expand a stouter stem, up to 2 m (6.6 ft) in diameter. It has stout twigs emergent at right angles to the stem, forming a thin round-topped head. It produces swiftly and is lenient of several soils and varied circumstances, even though it chooses the glacial float and well-drained edges of watercourses. It is often a part of the awning in an oak-heath forest, but usually not as significant as some other oaks.
The leaves of Red Oak are rotate, plain, hairless, and oblong to oval in shape five to ten inches long, four to six inches broad; seven to eleven lobes tightening steadily from wide bases, acute, and terminate with long bristle-pointed teeth; the second pair of lobes from peak is largest; midrib and principal veins are noticeable. Lobes are less deeply cut than most other oaks of the red oak group Leaves appear from the sprout convolute, pink, covered with soft silky down above, coated with thick white tomentum below. When full grown are dark green and smooth, on occasion shining above, yellow green, soft or hairy on the axils of the veins below. In autumn they revolve a rich red, occasionally brown. Frequently the petiole and mid vein are a affluent red color in midsummer and early autumn, though this is not true of all red oaks. The flowers of Red Oak are appears with the leaves, through exposed catkins, 2 to 4 inches long. Male flowers are green Female flowers are reddish and emerge as single spikes.
The New Jersey’s state tree Red Oak has strong astringent properties. Internally as a tea it helps fight diarrhea and dysentery. Externally it can be used to treat hemorrhoids, inflamed gums, wounds, and eczema. It has also been used as American folk medicine. Red Oak trees have lot of magical/magickal properties, some of which are: (a) Dreaming of resting under an oak tree means have a long life and wealth. (b) Climbing the tree in dream means a relative will have a hard time of it in the near future. (c) Dreaming of a fallen oak is means the loss of love.
The New Jersey’s state tree Red Oak as the King of Trees has been sacred to the various European Gods including Zeus, Jupiter, Thor and Jumala. Pliny wrote about the Druids reverence just before this tree, illumination that they assembled for ceremony in Oak orchards, congregation the sacred mistletoe with a golden sickle. Likewise the Galatian peoples held gathering in oak sanctuary. The fruits of Oak which called acorns also have symbolic importance that it used as a divinatory system. Combining all this, the Oak can represent community, religious virtue and foresight.
To sum up, Red Oak is the state tree of New Jersey that symbolizes Sovereignty, power, Strength & Endurance, Generosity & Protection, Justice, Nobility, Honesty & Bravery and also the spirit of the state that makes it as the state tree of New Jersey.