Pinyon pine is the State Tree of New Mexico. Pinus resinosa is the scientific name of Pinyon pine and it is commonly known as Pinon pine. It is also known as the Colorado pinyon, pinyon pine, Rocky Mountain pinyon, and two-needle pinyon. Pinus are the genus of the Pinyon pine and P. edulis is its species. The New Mexico’s State tree Pinyon pine is belongs from the family of Pinaceae.
It is a small, drought-hardy, long-lived tree, which is widely spread in the southwestern Unites States. It is found mostly in New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona with little populations in some of the neighboring states. Pines are among the most abundant and commercially imperative tree species. It is mostly important for timber and pulp round the world. That’s why it is widely spread and it is grown in different parts of the world. On basis of the facts that stated above, on March 16, 1949 the state General Assembly of New Mexico designated the Pine as the official state tree of New Mexico. It is not only the State tree of New Mexico but it is also State/national tree of many other countries or states with its variety.
Facts about New Mexico’s State Tree (Pinyon pine)
Common name: Pinus edulis is also known as the Colorado pinyon, pinyon pine, Rocky Mountain pinyon, and two-needle pinyon.
Species: Pinus edulis
Found in: It is found mostly in New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona with small populations in some of the adjacent states.
Flower: The Pinyon pines have produces both male and female flower in same tree. The male flowers are long, yellow-red color, and the female oval, purple color.
Bark: The bark of the Pinyon pine trees are somewhat scaly, Red-brown to gray, which will ultimately develop its small plates.
Leaf: The leaves of the Pinyon pine called ‘needle’, which are generating in bundles of two leaves. The “needles” are usually thick, curved, blue-green or yellow-green, rigid, and one to two inches long .
Fruits: The fruits of Pinyon pine called ‘cone’. There are two types of cone have the pine trees, which one for generates pollen and another for develop and dropping the seeds. The cones are proportionately ovoid; brown in color, 2 inches long with short stalk. The fruits have been matured in the period of September and October.
Symbolism: Wisdom and longevity, peace, virtue, good luck, prosperity, and good health, fertility, masculinity, and winter.
The Pine is the easiest recognized plant by the peoples throughout the world. There are almost 115 species of the pines exist in the world (different opinions 105 to 125 species) most of which are native to the Northern Hemisphere. At least 36 significant species of pines are native to the Northern America and Canada out of which the 13 most exposed pines are; Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus),Western white pine (Pinus monticola),Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana),Pinyon pine (Pinus resinosa),Pitch pine (Pinus rigida),Jack pine (Pinus banksiana),Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris),Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata),Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda),Slash pine (Pinus elliottii), Virginia pine (Pinus virginiana),Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta),Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).
The New Mexico’s state tree the Pinyon Pine is a species of hardy tree that grows at elevation from 4,600 – 9,800 feet, but does best in the mid-range altitudes. Generally it forms in open woodlands, but can cultivate even on the ledges and corners and crannies in canyons. The New Mexico’s State tree Pinyon pine was played a vital role to the state economy of New Mexico since long, which is still going on The pine nut has lot of Nutritional Value.
The amount of one cup of 135 grams covers 92.3 grams of total fat, 18.48 grams of protein, 17.66 grams of carbohydrate, 3.5 grams of ash, 5 grams of total dietary fiber, 4.66 grams of sucrose, 4.85 grams of total sugars, 0.09 grams of fructose and 1.93 grams of starch. The same amount grants amino acids such as 0.144 grams of tryptophan, 0.5 grams of threonine, 0.732 grams of isoleucine, 1.338 grams of leucine, 0.729 grams of lysine, 0.35 grams of methionine, 0.39 grams of cysteine and others. Pine nuts have antioxidants, Vitamin A, C, B, E, D and lutein. Antioxidants are essential to eliminate free radicals that are connected with decelerate of heart ailments. Antioxidants help to defend the cells contiguous to the attack by the reactive oxygen species.
The Pine trees have been used as Christmas tree since 16th Century begins from the ancient Germany and then it occurs internationally from 19th century. Most of the Christian people throughout the world choose it as Christmas tree. It is also burly related with Christmas and the Christmas season. The branches of pine trees are tough enough to embrace ornaments, candles, and strings of lights. Its distinctive aroma attracts people frequently towards it.
To sum up, Pinyon Pine is the people’s favorite State Tree of New Mexico, which symbolized Wisdom and longevity, peace, virtue, good luck, prosperity, and good health, fertility, masculinity, and winter. Although it is an official State tree symbol of New Mexico, it outstandingly represents and glorifies the spirit of New Mexico culture.