National Flag Of Germany

The National Flag Of Germany was officially adopted in its present form in 1919 during the Weimar Republic. The Flag was readopted with the new constitution of 1949. The Flag Of Germany is a tricolor consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colors of Germany: black, red, and gold.

The Dienstflagge or service flag is the version of the German Flag for government use. It has the national coat of arms in the center. Ships of the German Navy use this flag with a triangle cut out of the end as an ensign. There are several theories regarding the origins of the German National Flag color. The most accepted theory is that the black and gold color combination relates to the colors on the semi-official coat of arms of the Holy Roman Empire.


Meaning Of The Flag

In the radical 1840s, the black-red-gold color Flag Of Germany was used to symbolize the movement against the Conservative European Order that was established after Napoleon’s defeat. The movement was failed but it had succeeded in drafting a constitution that declared “Basic Rights for the German People.”

The Frankfurt Parliament had declared the black-red-gold as the official national colors of the German Confederation, with the red symbolized the Hanseatic League and the gold and black symbolizing Austria. These colors soon came to be regarded as the national colors of Germany during this period, and especially after their reintroduction during the Weimar period. The color has become synonymous with liberalism in general.


History Of The Flag


The Holy Roman Empire 962–1806

The Holy Roman Empire, prior to its abolition in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, included hundreds of German-speaking states. Known in German as the Heiliges Römisches Reich, this pre-Germany state used a banner featuring a black eagle with a red beak and red claws, on a yellow background. Its colors influenced the National Flag Of Germany as we know it today.


The German Empire 1871-1918

The German Empire began when the German nation-state unified in 1871 and ended when the German Emperor (Kaiser) Wilhelm II, also then King of Prussia, abdicated in 1918. The black and white colors were chosen for the Flag Of Germany because they were the colors of Prussia.


The German National Flag 1919-1933

The Germany National Flag as we know it today first came about in 1919 during the Weimar Republic, after Germany’s defeat in World War I. The black, red and gold colors used by the Holy Roman Empire are back, intended to symbolize a united, democratic Germany.

The colors themselves were mocked by far-right groups for the gold’s slightly ‘off’ color. They called the National Flag Of Germany ‘Schwarz-Rot-Senf’ (‘Black-Red-Mustard’) or ‘Schwarz-Rot-Scheiße’ (‘Black-Red-Shit’).


Nazi Germany and World War II 1933–1945

When the Weimar Republic collapsed in 1933, and the Nazi Party was elected, the National Flag Of Germany was reverted back to the red, white, and black design of former years. The official flag of the Nazi Party, which featured a black swastika, was also simultaneously used to represent Germany at this time.

This Flag Of Germany was used to represent Germany until the end of World War II, which saw a ban on all Nazi symbols, including the flag. This ban on Nazi symbolism continues in many countries to this day, including Germany, where it is most strictly enforced.


A Divided Germany 1949 – 1989

After some debate, the black-red-gold flag was once again adopted as the German federal flag for the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) on May 9, 1949. The German Democratic Republic (East Germany ) used the same flag, but on October 1, 1959, it introduced a communist emblem to the center of the flag: a hammer which symbolizes the workers and a pair of compasses symbolizing the intellectuals and inside ears of grain symbolizing the farmers. This remained until the territory of the former GDR was reunified with the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990.


Some Information About Flag:

In Which Year, The National Flag Is Adopted?
Ans: 23 May 1949

What Are The Colours of The Flag?
Ans: black, red, and gold

What Do The Colours of The Flag Means?
Ans: The black-red-gold color Flag Of Germany was used to symbolize the movement against the Conservative European Order that was established after Napoleon’s defeat.

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