Canada is located in the northernmost part of North America. It has a total area of 9.9 million square kilometers (3.8 million square miles). This includes about 891,163 square kilometers (344,080 square miles) of water. Border Map of Canada features international boundaries primarily with the US and Greenland. Canada also borders the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Canada is one of the largest countries in the world, second only to Russia in territorial size.
Facts About Canada
|Area||9,984,670 km2 ( 3,854,085 sq mi ) Water (%) 8.92 (891,163 km2 / 344,080 mi2)|
|Population||35,675,834 ( 2014 estimate )|
|Lat Long||56.490917, -106.762587|
|Official Language||English, French|
|Time Zone||(UTC−3.5 to −8) Summer (DST) (UTC−2.5 to −7)|
|Neighbor countries||USA, Greenland, Saint Pierre, and Miquelon|
|Currency||Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)|
Political Border of Canada
The Canada–United States border is the longest international border in the world between two countries. The Political Border of Canada and the US stretches for 5,525 miles (8,891 km) from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean to the west. It cuts across lakes, forests, glaciers, and towns. Eight Canadian provinces share the boundary with thirteen American states. A six feet “no-touching zone” is maintained along the borderline unless in unavoidable circumstances.
US States That Border Canada
|Rank||State||Length of the border with Canada (km)||Length of the border with Canada (mi)||Bordering provinces or territories|
|1||Alaska||2,475 km||1,538 mi||Yukon, British Columbia|
|2||Michigan||1,160 km||721 mi||Ontario|
|3||Maine||983 km||611 mi||Quebec, New Brunswick|
|4||Minnesota||880 km||547 mi||Manitoba, Ontario|
|5||Montana||877 km||545 mi||British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan|
|6||New York||716 km||445 mi||Ontario, Quebec|
|7||Washington||687 km||427 mi||British Columbia|
|8||North Dakota||499 km||310 mi||Saskatchewan, Manitoba|
|9||Ohio||235 km||146 mi||Ontario|
|10||Vermont||145 km||90 mi||Quebec|
|11||New Hampshire||93 km||58 mi||Quebec|
|12||Idaho||72 km||45 mi||British Columbia|
|13||Pennsylvania||68 km||42 mi||Ontario|
With 1,538 miles (2,475 km), Alaska shares the longest border. Pennsylvania with 42 miles (68 kilometers) shares the smallest length of the border. The United States shares a border with eight provinces or territories in Canada. Ontario province in east-central Canada shares the longest portion of the border with 1,715 miles (2,760 km).
There are 119 legal land border crossings between the United States and Canada. Of those, there are two that are one-way crossings only. Churubusco, New York provides a port of entry to the United States from Canada only. Most Canadians live relatively near the US border. 90% of Canadians live within 100 miles (160 km) of the US border.