Canada is located in the Northern Hemisphere, on the continent of North America. Map of Canada is bordered by the Arctic Ocean and the Hudson Bay to the north, the Labrador Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the United States to the west and south. Covering an area of 9,984,670 km² (3.85 million square miles), Canada is the world’s second-largest country by total area. Canada ranks 38th by population with over 38 million Canadians as of 2020.
Ottawa is the official national capital of Canada. Other major cities in Canada include Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, and Vancouver. Popular Canadian travel destinations include Niagara Falls in the east and the Canadian Rockies in the west, as well as the coastal Maritime Provinces and historic Quebec City. The principal languages spoken in Canada are English and French.
OFFICIAL NAME: Canada
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary state
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French
CURRENCY Canadian Dollar
OTHER LARGE CITIES: Toronto 5.573 million, Montreal 3.856 million, Vancouver 2.267 million, Calgary 1.216 million, Edmonton 1.142 million (2011 est.)
GDP Per Capita: $46,194.73
AREA: 3,849,674 square miles (9,970,610 square kilometers)
MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Rockies, Coast, Laurentian
MAJOR RIVERS: St. Lawrence, Mackenzie
TIME ZONE: UTC−3.5 to −8, Summer (DST): UTC−2.5 to −7
History of Canada
The first people to come to Canada arrived between 15,000 and 30,000 years ago across a land bridge that joined Asia and North America. Around A.D. 1000, the Viking explorer Leif Eriksson reached Newfoundland, Canada. He tried to establish a settlement, but it didn’t last.
In the 16th century, French and British settlers arrived. Land disputes between farmers and fur traders led to four wars between 1689 and 1763. The final war, called the French and Indian War, left the British in control of Canada, but French influence remains strong even today.
In 1867, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick combined to form a dominion with its own government, parliament, and prime minister. Manitoba joined soon after. In 1931, Canada became an independent nation.
Political Map of Canada
Canada is the largest country in North America. Political Map of Canada is bordered by the non-contiguous US state of Alaska in the northwest and by 12 other US states in the south. The border of Canada with the US is the longest bi-national land border in the world. Canada is a federation of ten Provinces and three Territories.
Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Quebec and Ontario are the most populous Provinces in Canada, while Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta occupy Canada’s central prairie heartland. Canada’s Territories, consisting of Nunavut, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories, lie to the far north.
Provinces in Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory.
The 3 Territories: Northwest Territories (Yellowknife), Nunavut (Iqaluit), and the Yukon (Whitehorse).
Interesting Facts About Canada
- Canada’s Yonge Street is the longest street in the world. It is spread over 1, 896 kilometers.
- Quebec is Canada’s largest French-speaking province.
- The 5,525 miles long US-Canada border is the longest undefended international border in the world.
- 40% of Canada’s 979-million-hectare land is covered with trees.
- Canada has over 176 billion barrels of semi-solid source of petroleum. That’s approximately 70% of the Earth’s overall resources.