Sichuan is one of the 34 provincial administrative districts in China, often short for Sichuan or Shu. It is one of the largest provinces in China with an area of 485,000 km² (187,260 mi²). Sichuan is located in the southwest of China, embracing the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Sichuan Basin. The province has a population of 87.26 million (2007) consisting of different nationalities such as Han, Yi, Zang (Tibetan), Miao, Hui, and Qiang. There are 32 cities, 3 minority nationality autonomous prefectures, 120 counties in Map of Sichuan. Sichuan’s capital city is Chengdu.
Sichuan is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation and plays an important role in China’s history. Historically the province has been prone to revolt; stiff resistance was given to the Mongol invasion, and again in 1647 when it resisted Qing conquest – Zhang Xianzhong led dogged resistance to Manchu conquest.
In 1895 the Christian missionaries were forced out of the province and the people rose up again in 1911 when foreign companies built their new railways ignoring local opposition. It has often served as the last safe bastion of Chinese culture most recently during the Japanese Occupation when the capital of Free China under Chiang Kaishek was at Chongqing.
Chinese Name: 四川 ( Sì Chuān )
Administration Type: Province
Location: 26°03′ to 34°19′ N, 97°21′ to 108°31′ E
Area: 485,000 km² (187,260 mi²)
Population (2019): 83,410,000
Political Map of Sichuan
Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China. Chengdu is the capital and largest city in the Political Map of Sichuan. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million. The major prefectures and cities in Sichuan are Chengdu, Mianyang, Deyang, Nanchong, Aba Tibetan, and Qiang Autonomous Region, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Region, Luzhou, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Region, Ya’an, etc.
Sichuan is one of the largest provinces in China with an area of 485,000 km² (187,260 mi²). There are 32 cities, 3 minority nationality autonomous prefectures, 120 counties in Map of Sichuan. Sichuan’s capital city is Chengdu.
Geography Map of Sichuan
Tibetan, Hui, Dai, and Miao minority people live in the mountains surrounding the central basin which is home to mainly Han Chinese. Sichuan has a warm climate with few winter touches of frost and is usually hot and humid in summer. The central-eastern lowlands form the rich agricultural heartland of the province. The mountainous west is more remote and less densely populated and is geographically and historically part of Tibet.
The indigenous Khampa people in this region revolted against Communist reforms in the 1960s and many fled to Tibet. It has extensive coal and natural gas reserves and grows many crops including rice; tea; rapeseed; bamboo; tobacco and produces a large quantity of silk. Major rivers in the Geography Map of Sichuan are the Yangtze River and its local branches, like Yalong River, Min River, Dadu River, Tuo River, Jialing River, etc.
Transportation Map of Sichuan
The Transportation Map of Sichuan is the most developed in Southwest China. The provenance is reachable by air, bullet train, road, and Yangtze cruise ships. Chengdu is the main transportation hub in Sichuan Province and Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport plays an important role in this. Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the 4th-busiest airport in mainland China. Apart from this airport, there are 16 airports in Sichuan. Other Major Airports Are:
- Jiuzhai Huanglong Airport
- Daocheng Yading Airport
- Kangding Airport
Major railways in Sichuan include the Baoji–Chengdu, Chengdu–Chongqing, Chengdu–Kunming, Neijiang–Kunming, Suining-Chongqing, and Chengdu–Dazhou Railways. A high-speed rail line connects Chengdu and Dujiangyan. The high-speed train journeys from Beijing, Shanghai, Xi’an, and Guilin to Chengdu take from 4 to 14 hours.
There are good highways connecting the region with other parts of China. There is a total of 1,760 km of expressways. Sichuan-Tibet highway is one of the two passages into Tibet and is frequently used by travelers. other major Highways are the Sichuan–Shaanxi Highway, the Sichuan–Tibet Highway, and the Chengdu–Chongqing Expressway.
Cities Map of Sichuan
- Chengdu 7,415,590
- Guang’an 858,159
- Leshan 154,477
- Luzhou 394,382
- Mianyang 264,136
- Nanchong 7,150,000
- Neijiang 546,854
- Panzhihua 502,478
- Zigong 689,961