Red Jasmine is the state flower of Northern Marianas. Plumeria Rubra is the scientific name of Red Jasmine. The common of Northern Marianas’s state flower Red Jasmine has many common names like as Red Poucipan, Dok Champa, Red Frangipani, Common Frangipani, Temple tree or Plumeria. It is also known as Mayflower. It has some native name also, such as, in Cook Island, it is known as Tipani, in India it’s called Champa or Chaaphaa, Champagne etc. In Cambodia it is named as Chapel Kraham or Champei Sluk Sruech, in Sri Lanka it is known as Araliya in Sinhalese. In Nicaragua, it called,“ Sacuanjoche” which derives from the Uto-Aztec language(Nahuatl language) ‘Xacuan’ & Xochilt. Xocuan mean Sycuan that is beautiful yellow petals and Xochilt means Joche that is a flower. It belongs in the genus of plumeria plants. It spray high fragrant in the evening to overnight.
Peoples are easily attracts through them. The state flower Red Jasmine is also a part of various traditions and culture of Northern Marianas. Considering all these uses of this white-yellow beauty, perfume and create a symbol of love and that has considered the Red Jasmine or Plumaria Rubra as the State Flower of Northern Marianas.
State Flower Northern Marianas Facts:
- Common Name: Dok Champa, Frangipani, Red Poucipan, Red Jasmine, Red Frangipani, Common Frangipani, Temple tree or Plumeria
- Genus: Plumeria
- Species: rubra
- Color: white, pink, yellow, Red
Time of blooming: Late summer to early autumn
- Number of petals: 5
- Purpose: Ornamental tree
- Symbolism: Joy in life and sincerity
Red Jasmine or Plumeria Rubra the state flower of Northern Marianas is a deciduas plant species belonging to the genus of Plumeria. It is basically comes from Central America, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela. It has been extensively cultivated in the tropical and subtropical climates throughout the world. It is the ultimate choice for gardening. It also used to plant in Temples and Cemeteries. Red Jasmine or Plumeria rubra grows as a spreading shrub or small tree. It can be 2–8 m (5–25 ft) both the height and width. It has a thick juicy stalk and sausage-like blunted twigs covered with a thin grey bark. The leaves of the Red Jasmine are large in size and it can reach 25 cm to 50cm long with green color. Leaf grows one by one that clustered up to the branch end.
The leaves are fallen in winter. The flowers of Red Jasmine are flourishing at the end of the branches. The flowers stay with the tree all over the summer. Being plentiful and well known, the flowers are powerfully fragrant, and have five petals. Mostly it has shade in color like white-yellow or white-pink in the petal but yellow color in the center of the flower.
The Red Jasmine flower come in gorgeous rose-pink color brushed with bronze. Red Jasmine flowers are extremely scented during nights and are frequently used in bouquets. Red Jasmine flower have wonderful tropical essence. The flower Red Jasmine is looks like propeller. The clusters of Red Jasmine flower at the end of terminal branches open over few weeks and every day the ground is covered with bright Red Jasmine flowers which are gathered for making the concrete.
There are some myths about Red Jasmine or Plumeria Rubra flower such as:
As per Vietnamese myth, the tree of white flower with strong flower is living palace of ghost. In China and Vietnam, the white color is connected with death and funerals.
As per Hindu culture, especially in India, flower is treated as the symbol of loyalty. The woman of Hindu family wore a flower on their hair to showing the loyalty towards their husbands in the days of wedding.
In Mexico, the people of Aztecs believed that if they can use a decoction of Dok Champa or Red Jasmine flower and other plant extracts mixed with some internal organ of rapacious animals as a as a dominant concoction against fear, lethargy and faintheartedness.
To sum up, Red Jasmine is the state flower of Northern Marianas. The relation of this flower to the tradition of Northern Marianas is what makes the Red Jasmine the state flower of Northern Marianas.