Australia is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Southern hemisphere. Covering an area of 7,617,930 sq. km (2,969,907 sq mi), Map of Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world by total area. The current population of Australia is 25,778,568 making it the 52nd most populous country in the world.
The neighboring countries of Map of Australia are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. Canberra is the official nation’s capital of Australia, while Sydney is the largest and the most populous city of Australia and Oceania.
|Official Name||Commonwealth of Australia|
|Continent||Australia and Oceania|
|Area||2,969,907 sq. mi ( 7,692,024 sq. km)|
|Land Boundaries||0 mi ( 0 km)|
|Coastline||16,007 mi ( 25,760 km)|
|Currency||Australian dollar (AUD)|
|Population||About 25.5 million (2021)|
|National Day||26 January (Australia Day)|
|National Anthem||“Advance Australia Fair”|
|Form of Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|GDP per capita (PPP)||$ 51,601.8 (World Bank, 2018)|
|GDP per capita (nominal)||$ 57,305.3 (World Bank, 2018)|
|HDI||0.938 (2018), Rank: 6|
|Time Zone||UTC+08:00 (AWST), UTC+09:30 (ACST), UTC+10:00 (AEST).
Summer DST: UTC+10:30, UTC+11:00
A Short History of Australia
Aboriginal Australians have lived in the nation for at least 50,000 years. This means they have the oldest living cultural history in the world. Australia wasn’t really explored until 1770 when Captain James Cook explored the east coast and claimed it for Great Britain. He named it New South Wales. The first British settlement is established in Sydney by Captain Arthur Phillip in 1788. It is the start of the British penal colony which is made up of most prisoners.
On January 1, 1901, the British Government passed an act to create the Commonwealth of Australia. In 1911, the Northern Territory became part of the Commonwealth. The first federal Parliament was opened in Melbourne in May 1901 by the Duke of York. Later, in 1927, the center of government and parliament moved to the city of Canberra.
States Of Australia
Map of Australia is divided into six states and two territories. Five states can be found on the mainland, while the remaining state is an island located over 100 miles from the mainland. The states of Australia are represented in the parliament and are partially self-governing. The largest state by area in Western Australia with a total area of over 2.5 million square kilometers. The largest state by population in Australia is New South Wales. it has a massive population of over 8.15 million people.
The two major mainland territories are the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. In addition to these, there are seven external territories – Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Coral Sea Islands, Heard Island, and McDonald’s Islands, and Norfolk Islands.
States and Territories of Mainland Australia:
- New South Wales (NSW), capital: Sydney
- Northern Territory (NT), capital: Darwin
- Queensland (QLD), capital: Brisbane
- South Australia (SA), capital: Adelaide
- Tasmania (TAS), capital: Hobart
- Victoria (VIC), capital: Melbourne
- Western Australia (WA) capital: Perth
Australia has the world’s 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income (IMF). With the second-highest human development index globally, the country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and civil liberties, and political rights.
Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum. The population of 25 million is highly urbanized and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia has the world’s 9th largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population.