Shandong is a coastal province in East China. It is the northernmost province in eastern China on the lower reaches of the Yellow River. Map of Shandong Province shares borders with Hebei, Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu respectively from north to south, close to Bohai and Huanghai seas to the east, and overlooks the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Archipelago across a vast stretch of sea.
The Shandong province covers an area of over 153,000 square kilometers. Shandong is the second-most populous province of China, after Guangdong, just slightly ahead of Henan, with a population of more than 95,793,000 at the 2010 Census. The city of Jinan is the seat of the provincial capital. Shandong Province has been important in Chinese history as the mouth of the Yellow River, the place of big battles, and the origin of much of China’s religion and philosophy.
- Chinese Name: 山东 (shān dōng)
- Abbreviation: Lu
- Population: 100,702,100
- Area: 158,000 square kilometers (61,004 square miles)
- Location: in the east of China
- Administrative Division: 16 cities (Jinan, Qingdao, Zibo, Zaozhuang, Dongying, Yantai, Weifang, Jining, Tai’an, Weihai. Rizhao, Linyi, Dezhou, Liaocheng, Binzhou, Heze); 57 districts; 27 county-level cities; 53 counties
- GDP (2019): CNY 7,106.75 billion (USD 1,030.11 billion)
Shandong, with a history of more than 5,000 years, is considered one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Historically, Shandong was home to the Shang dynasty (1766–1122 b.c.e.), the earliest Chinese state, and was the birthplace of Confucius (ca. 551–479 b.c.e.), China’s most famous philosopher and teacher, as well as the fifth-century b.c.e. Sun Wu (better known as Sunzi or “Master Sun”), the author of the classic military treatise The Art of War.
Political Map of Shandong Province
The Shandong province covers an area of over 153,000 square kilometers. It has a population of more than 95,793,000 at the 2010 Census. Political Map of Shandong shares borders with Hebei, Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu respectively from north to south, close to Bohai and Huanghai seas to the east, and overlooks the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Archipelago across a vast stretch of sea. The city of Jinan is the seat of the provincial capital.
Shandong Administration is divided into 16 prefecture-level divisions. The 16 prefecture-level cities of Shandong are subdivided into 137 county-level divisions (55 districts, 26 county-level cities, and 56 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1941 township-level divisions (1223 towns, 293 townships, two ethnic townships, and 423 subdistricts).
Outline Map of Shandong Province
Shandong stands as if an island on the East China Plain, indeed in geological times it was an island before the Yellow and Yangzi rivers joined it to the mainland by depositing rich alluvial soil to form the land to its west. Outline Map of Shandong shares borders with the Bohai Bay to the north, Hebei to the northwest, Henan to the west, Jiangsu to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast. It also shares a very short border with Anhui, between Henan and Jiangsu.
Geography Map of Shandong Province
Shandong is mostly flat in terrain, especially since the northern, western, and southwestern parts of the province are all part of the North China Plain. The center of the province is more mountainous, with the Taishan Mountains, Lushan Mountains, and Mengshan Mountains being the most prominent ranges. The highest peak in Shandong is the highest peak in the entire Taishan area, Jade Emperor Peak, which has a height of 1,545 m.
Shandong has become a major industrial province in the last 30 years with the third-largest population of nearly 100 million people. It has large deposits of coal and oil and makes many domestic goods. It has the best gold reserves and rates second for diamonds within China. The fringes of the Yellow River plain provide good agricultural land for wheat and potatoes. The fertile valleys to the west produce cotton; soybean; peanuts and tobacco. The warm, frost-free climate allows vineyards and orchards to flourish.
Major Rivers and Lakes:
- Yellow River
- Weishan Lake
- Dongping Lake
Cities Map of Shandong Province
Qingdao is the biggest city in Shandong and has a population of about 9 million. It has been called China’s most livable city Jinan is the second biggest city with a population of about 7 million. It is the capital of the province.
- Dezhou 379,555
- Dongying 525,461
- Feicheng 329,813
- Heze 254,602
- Jinan 4,335,989
- Jining 450,327
- Laiwu 124,108
- Liaocheng 226,930
- Linyi 270,669
- Qingdao 3,718,835
- Rizhao 246,387
- Tai’an 5,499,000
- Tengzhou 394,504
- Weifang 394,732
- Weihai 152,595
- Xintai 222,459
- Yantai 719,332
- Zaozhuang 183,665
- Zhucheng 1,086,222
- Zibo 3,129,228
- Zoucheng 190,537