Shanxi is a landlocked province situated in the northern part of China. Map of Shanxi covers an area of 160,000 square kilometers and has a population of 36.50 million. It shares borders with Hebei province to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region to the north. The capital and largest city of the province is Taiyuan, while its next most populated prefecture-level cities are Changzhi and Datong.
Shanxi is a leading producer of coal in China, possessing roughly a third of China’s total coal deposits. Shanxi is an excellent region to explore different treasures of ancient China. The province is famous for having by far the largest number of historic buildings among all Chinese provinces, by possessing over 70% of China’s surviving buildings built during or predating the Song dynasty.
Abbreviation: Shaan or Qin
Administration Type: Province
Location in China’s Territory: hinterland of mainland China
Location: 31°42′ to 39°35′ N, 105°29′ to 111°15′
Climate: temperate sub arid climate, temperate monsoon climate, subtropical monsoon climate from north to south
Average Annual Temperature: 7-16°C
Average Annual Rainfall: 340-1,240 millimeters
Area: 205,800 km² (79,460mi²)
Population (2019): 3,8762,100
Political Map of Shanxi Province
Located in the very heart of China’s territory and including most of the middle reaches of the Yellow River, Shaanxi Province is one of the birthplaces of Chinese primitive human beings and national culture. It has also been the political, economic, and cultural center of several dynasties in the country’s history. Political Map of Shanxi Province shares a border with the provinces of Hebei on the east, Henan on the south, Shaanxi on the west, and Inner Mongolia Aut. Reg. on the north.
Outline Map of Shanxi Province
Shanxi is a landlocked province of the Republic of China and is part of the North China region. The capital and largest city of the province is Taiyuan, while its next most populated prefecture-level cities are Changzhi and Datong. Shanxi has always held a strategic position as a gateway to the fertile plains of Hebei and Henan. Since ancient times it has also served as a buffer between China and the Mongolian and Central Asian steppes.
Geography Map of Shanxi Province
Shaanxi Province can be divided into northern, central, and southern parts, differing in geographical, and climatic backgrounds, etc. Located to the north of the Beishan Mountains, Northern Shaanxi mainly consists of the Loess Plateau and Maowusu Desert and has a temperate sub arid climate. Central Shaanxi, or Guanzhong, is located to the south of the Beishan Mountains and north of the Qinling Mountains. It enjoys a temperate monsoon climate.
Southern Shaanxi refers to the region south of the Qinling Mountains, which belongs to the subtropical monsoon climate zone. Covered by mountains, valleys, and plains, this region has beautiful natural scenery such as Nangong Mountain National Forest Park, Zhashui Cave, and Yinghu Lake. With an annual rainfall of 400 ~ 600 mm, the average annual temperature is between 4 ~ 14 ℃, and -16 ~ 2 ℃ in January and 19 ~ 28 ℃ in July.
Transportation Map of Shanxi Province
The Transportation Map of Shanxi Province Shanxi is highly developed. There are many important national highways and railways that connect the province with neighboring provinces. Shanxi uses rail lines for intraprovince transport and for shipping raw materials, industrial commodities, and foodstuffs outside the province. The rail network connects to major cities Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Beijing, Yuanping, Baotou, Datong, Menyuan, and Jiaozuo. Shanxi’s main aviation transport hub is Taiyuan Wusu Airport (IATA: TYN).