What Is the National Flower of Croatia?
Iris Croatica or Perunika is the national flower of Croatia. Iris Croaticais the scientific name of Croatian’s national flower IrisCroatica or Perunika. It comes from Iridaecae family. Once it was cultivated on the house roof in Japan and China so that it also known as roof Iris. Every country deserves to designate their national emblems to signifying their own identity.
It may be designed or visual object but it should be represents quality, type expression and culture etc. Whereas flower is one of the important parts of national emblem, it should traditional or religious back ground, which took back hundreds or thousands of years. On the other hand it can select on the basis of public interest or popularity.
Croatia, the country of natural beauty having sights of the mountains, forests karsts, the sea and plains within 100 km span, covering with Iris Croatica or HrvatskaPerunica the national flower of Croatia. The Croatian national flower Iris Croatica commonly known as ‘HrvatskaPerunika’ or “Perunika” in Croatian language. Perunika comes from the name of god Perun. In the legend of Slavic, Perun is the uppermost god of the pantheon, god of thunder and the god of lightning. Fire, mountains eagle and the oak are also his attributes. It is a myth that Perunika can only grow there, where perun’s lightning strike.
Iris means ‘rainbow’ in Greek language. There are mind blowing colors have in Iris flower like orange, pink, white brown, blue, purple and lavender. If the gardener planted Iris plant in the same part of the garden with the color variety, it can shows rainbow spectrum at the time of blooming. The people of Croatia enormously attracted to Iris like other countries and causing with the state body happily adopted the Iris Croatica or Perunikaas the national flower and flower symbol of Croatiain the year of 2000.
Facts about National Flower Croatia (IrisCroatica or Perunika)
- Common Name: Iris Croatica.
- Genus: Iris
- Species: I. Croatica
- Found in: Native to Croatia.
- Color: orange, pink, white brown, blue, purple and lavender
- Number of petals: 6
Time of blooming: June or early summer.
- Habitat: Ornamental, gardens, roadsides, shores, sometimes wild.
- Symbolism: Royalty, Hope, Faith, Bravery and Wisdom.
Being the one of the best ecological preserving country of Europe and also wealthy in infrastructure developed with high grade transport and communication system Croatia has a large amount of diverse flora, fern mosses, and common trees inhabit the landscape. Mostly grown cut flowers, like Roses, Gerberas, Carnations, Chrysanthemums, and Bedding plants. Besides these, Ruscushypoglossum, Geranium of all variety, Cyclamen hederifolium, Velebitdegenia, Posharsky bellflower, Rudbekia, Echinacea purpurea(Bright star, Bromeliads collection, Vanilla planifolia, Droserakunefolia, Begonia, Excelsior, Menyanthes trifoliate, Thaliadealbata, Nelumbonucifera, Arbutus unedo and Euphorbia millie are found in Croatia.
The national flower of IrisCroatica or Perunikahas some different common names in different area those are Rhizomatous Iris, Bearded Iris, German Iris, Iris Kochi, Blue flag Iris. Most of the Iris in all variety and color are originated of Asia and Europe. After flourishing the Iris flower lasting only three days.
They attract bees and humming bird It grows in rich and well drained moist soil with full of sun naturally near river banks, foot of the cold rocky hills, and semi-desert area. Usually the Iris flower are being consider as ornamental flower, decoration of hoses and beautification of lawn and premises. It also used in may purposes. In the ancient Indian and Egyptian culture Iris rhizomes were uses for making perfume that offer to the gods and orris bi-product also used to religious purpose. Also some of the medicines are made of Iris root. They are the medicine for Syphilis, dropsy, Stomach problem and skin infection.
Iris flower can signify emotions on the basis of color. Like as, purple iris for wisdom, white for purity, blue for faith and yellow for passion. Iris is not only the national flower of Croatia but also the national flower of France, Algeria and Jordan and the state flower of Tennessee.
To sum up, IrisCroatica or Perunika is the national flower of Croatia. It is also the national symbol of Croatia.It signifies the Royalty, Hope, Faith, Bravery and Wisdom of the nation.