What Is The National Flower of Indonesia?

What Is The National Flower of Indonesia?

Arabian Jasmine is one of the national flowers of Indonesia. The name of the other two is Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis) and Stinking Corpse Lily (Rafflesia Arnoldi). The scientific name of Arabian Jasmine is Jasminum Sambac. It is a genus plant and comes from the Oleaceae family. Arabian Jasmine is the very common and most popular flower in Indonesia. You can find it in any garden, park, home garden.

Description of Indonesia National Flower

Jasmine has a gorgeous scent that attracts people frequently. Mostly Jasmine is found in two colors, one is white and another is yellow. More than 200 different species of Jasmine are cultivated all over the world. Flower lover women in Indonesia wear Jasmine flowers in their hair to make them attractive. The white Jasmine is the symbol of attachment and showing amiability and modesty. According to the popularity and traditional aspect, the Jasmine is considered the unofficial national flower of Indonesia.

Arabian Jasmine is the favorite national flower symbol of the Indonesian people. They feel greatly attached to their national flower and because of their love towards the Jasmine blossom, the Arabian Jasmines are planted all over the country and Islands. Jasmine is not only the National flower of Indonesia but also the National flower of Pakistan, Syria, Hawaii, and the Philippines.

It needs well-drained, moist, sandy loam to clayey garden soil with reasonable fertility for growing Jasmine. Full sun to partial shade also prefers for the Jasmine plant. June to November is the ideal time for planting Jasmine bush. Its leaves are in two varieties that are either deciduous or evergreen. The stems of Jasmine are green, slender, glabrous, trailing, and 4 sided in shape.

Arabian Jasmine Flower

Facts About Arabian Jasmine

  • Common Name:  Arabian Jasmine
  • Genus:  Jasminum
  • Species:  J.Sambac
  • Found in:  Indonesia, Northern Iran, Afghanistan, the Himalayas, Caucasus, Tajikistan, Nepal, and India
  • Color:  White, and yellow
  • Number of petals:  5
  • Form of the tree:  Triangular, columnar, V-shape, weeping, flat-topped
  • Time of blooming:  Summer or spring
  • Purpose:  Ornamental tree
  • Symbolism:  attachment and showing amiability and modesty

Jasmine, the national flower of Indonesia plays a vital role in their economy.  All the part of Jasmine such as flower, stem, and seed contains various compounds like Salicylic Acid, linalool, benzyl acetate, terpinol, benzyl benzoate several alcohols and other alkaloids. Jasmine has a good reputation in medical use. We can use it as an antiseptic, antispasmodic, analgesic, aphrodisiac and sedative. The Chinese have to use Jasmine in their traditional medic.

The Moon Orchid, the second chosen as one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Its other name is Moth Orchid because the shape of its petals is like the wing of Moth. Moon Orchid is a different type of Orchid from others. It is also a specialty that the flower flourishing with the wide petal. Moon Orchid is one of the interesting characteristic types of Orchid in the world.

The Stinking Corpse Lily or Padma Raksasa is the third flower, which has been chosen as the third National flower of Indonesia. Its scientific name is Rafflesia Arnoldi. It is a very rare flower in the world.  You cannot found it in other any part of Indonesia. Stinking Corpse Lily has no root and no leaves. It is one of the biggest flowers in the world. Its weight goes up to 10kgs.

To sum up, the Jasmine unofficial national flower of Indonesia is the symbol of attachment and showing amiability and modesty.

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