What Is The National Flower of Indonesia?
Arabian Jasmine is one of the national flower of Indonesia. Name of other two is Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis) and Stinking Corpse Lily (Rafflesia Arnoldi) .The scientific name of Arabian Jasmine is Jasminum Sambac. It is genus plant and comes from Oleaceae family.It’s also known as Melati putih in Indonesia, Sampaguita in Filipino, English common name is Asian Jasmine, Asiatic Jasmine, and Sacred Jasmine. Arabian Jasmine is the very common and most popular flower in Indonesia. You can find it in any garden, park, home garden.
Jasmine has gorgeous scent that attracts people frequently. Mostly Jasmine is found in two colors, one is white and another is yellow. More than 200 different species of Jasmine cultivated all over the world. Flower lover woman in Indonesia wear Jasmine flower in their hair to make them attractive. The white Jasmine is the symbol of attachment and showing amiability and modesty. According to the popularity and traditional aspect, the Jasmine is considered as the unofficial national flower of Indonesia.
Facts about Indonesia’s National Flower (Arabian Jasmine)
- Common Name: Arabian Jasmine
- Genus: Jasminum
- Species: J.Sambac
- Found in: Indonesia,Northern Iran, Afganistan,the Himalayas, Caucasus, Tajikistan, Nepal and India
- Color: White, and yellow
- Number of petals: 5
- Form of the tree: Triangular, columnar, V-shape, weeping, flat-topped
- Time of blooming: Summer or spring
- Purpose: Ornamental tree
- Symbolism: attachment and showing amiability and modesty
Arabian Jasmine is the favorite national flower symbol of the Indonesianpeople. They feel greatly attached to their national flower and because of their love towards the Jasmine blossom, the Arabian Jasmines are planted all over the country and Islands. Jasmine is not only the National flower of Indonesia, but also the National flower of Pakistan, Syria, Hawaii and Philippines. Most Jasmine flower is white in color some of yellowish and little are reddish. After flourishing Jasmine like as white star that created a small sky in the garden with lot of small star.
Due to the twining nature, Jasmine is being called a vine despite a flowering shrub. Jasmine is native to South and Southeast Asia, Africa and Australia. Presently it grows all over the world with more than 150 different species. Jasmine has strong fragrance and it is the main object its popular cultivation. It is an ornamental plant for decorating both garden and house. Jasmine oils are used in perfume and cosmetics Industries.
It needs well drained, moist, sandy loam to clayey garden soil with reasonable fertility for grow Jasmine. Full sun to partial shade also prefer for Jasmine plant. June to November is the ideal time for planting of Jasmine bush. It leaves are in two varieties that either deciduous or evergreen. The stems of Jasmine are green, slender, glabrous, trailing and 4 sided in shape.
Jasmine, the national flower of Indonesia plays a vital role in their economy. Both the flowers and seed oil being used in various aspects. While it is extremely consider as aromatic flowers, it is also used for the therapeutic properties. All the part of Jasmine such as flower, stem and seed contains various compounds like Salicylic Acid, linalool, benzyl acetate, terpinol, benzyl benzoate several alcohols and other alkaloids. Jasmine has good reputation in medical use. We can use it as an antiseptic, antispasmodic, analgesic, aphrodisiac and sedative. The Chinese have use Jasmine in their traditional medic. Presently Jasmine is being used in health care production through couple of ways those are as an aromatherapy product and essential oil. It is said that Jasmine is to either aid in treatment of or cure some of common symptoms like headaches, sunburns and rashes, irritability, sexual problems, pain, uterine problems, anxiety and heat exhaustion and sun stroke.
The Moon Orchid, the second chosen as one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. It’s another name is Moth Orchid because its petals shape is like wing of Moth. It’s scientifically known as Phalaenopsis amabilies.The Moon Orchid comes from the Orchidaceae family like other type of Orchid. Moon Orchid is the different type of Orchid like others. Usually the colors of orchid petal are mix color but moon orchid are white. It also a specialty that the flower flourishing with the wide petal. Moon Orchid is one of the interesting characteristic types of Orchid in the world. Due to its simplicity MoonOrchid or Moth Orchid is chosen as the second National flower of Indonesia.
The Stinking Corpse Lily or Padma Raksasa is the third flower, which has been chosen as the third National flower of Indonesia. Its scientific name is Rafflesia Arnoldi .It is very rare flower in the world. In Indonesia it is only found in Bengkulu Province and for that reason Stinking Corpse Lily is the floral identity of Bengkulu. You cannot found it other any part of Indonesia. Stinking Corpse Lily has no root and no leaves. It is one of the biggest flowers of the world. It weight goes up to 10kgs. Due to its rareness this flower chosen as the title of Rare flower (Puspa Langka) third National flower of Indonesia.
To sum up, the Jasmine unofficial national flower of Indonesia is the symbol of attachment and showing amiability and modesty.