What Is The National Flower of Sudan?

What Is The National Flower of Sudan?

Hibiscus is the unofficial national flower of Sudan. Hibiscus Brackenridge is the scientific name of Hibiscus. It comes from malvaecae/mallow family. It is very much a favorite of the Sudanese people for its outstanding beauty and color image. It is also populous for great hibiscus tea and dry flower. It is found in bulk amounts all over Sudan. Hibiscus is the native to Asian tropical region. It has also religious history.

According to Hindu mythology, the red hibiscus is the flower of Goddess Kaali and appears commonly in depictions of her in the art of India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It is also used as an offering flower (Anjali call in the Bengali language) to the Goddess Kaali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship. Hibiscus is the symbol of life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation. Still, hibiscus is not officially declared as the national flower or national symbol of Sudan, but it is the most people choice flower of Sudan.

Facts About National Flower Sudan (Hibiscus)

  • Common Name:  Hibiscus
  • Genus:  Hibiscus
  • Species:  H. brackenridgei
  • Found in:  Native to Tropical region of Asia
  • Color:  White, pink, red, dark pink
  • Number of petals:  5
  • Form of the tree:  Triangular, columnar, V-shape, weeping, flat-topped
  • Time of blooming:  Summer and autumn
  • Purpose:  Ornamental
  • Symbolism:  Life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation.

Hibiscus rosa- sinensis that means ‘China rose’ is the most popular among its 220 varieties. People have fencing and ornamenting their gardens by planting hibiscus trees. The Tahitian and Sudanese girls have traditionally worn hibiscus which has a secret symbolic indication. The woman who wore it behind her left ear means she is married and if she wore it on the right ear it means she is single and waiting for a relationship.


The unofficial national flower of Sudan hibiscus or called the “Queen of Tropical Flowers” though it grows wildly in the world’s tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions as an ornamental plant. Hibiscus is a small tree with evergreen shrub, glossy single stem leaves. It grows up to 8 feet tall. As it is a diverse genus hibiscus made around 220 species of flowers, which have five bright colors like red, white, pink, purple, and yellow.

It grows in rich and well-drained moist soil full of the sun naturally near ditches, edge of ponds, and swamps. Usually, the hibiscus are being considered as an ornamental flower, decoration of hoses and fencing gardens, and beautification of lawn and premises. The hibiscus is one of the great gifts of the creator to his creature as it has or can be used for many purposes. It is the source of food and medicinal use.

Hibiscus tea has a delicious taste and is caffeine-free with a lovely fragrance. The dried hibiscus is edible and used for food. Hibiscus tea is rewound by various names and brands. In Australia, it is Roselia, Latin America flor de Jamaica, in Egypt Karkede (Karke day), and sorrel in Jamaica.

It has a lot of health benefits like; Protects the Liver, Manage Blood Pressure, minimizing Cholesterol, improving Digestion, Satiates Thirst, Lowering weight, Acting as Anti-Inflammatory an Antibacterial Agent, Act as Antidepressant Agent and having Anti-Cancer Properties. Indian Ayurveda physicians use the hibiscus for hair loss treatment, in the Philippines hibiscus roots are used as an aperitif and tonic. The indigenous people of South Africa use hibiscus leaf for dressing septic wounds. The Juice of hibiscus is a very popular health beverage in Jamaica and Mexico.

To sum up, Hibiscus is the people’s favorite national flower of Sudan. Although it is an unofficial national symbol of Sudan, it is a symbol of life, courage, and rapid growth of the nation.


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