What is the State Flowers of Maryland?
The Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta is the state flower of Maryland. Its scientific name is Rudbeckia hirta. It belongs to the Asteraceae family. Rudbeckia is the genus of the Black-eyed Susan and its species is R. hirta, which synonyms are: Rudbeckia lanceolata, Centrocarpha gracilis , Centrocarpha hirta , Rudbeckia divergens, Coreopsis hirta, Rudbeckia monticola, Rudbeckia sericea, Helianthus hirtus, Rudbeckia amplectens, Rudbeckia brittonii, Rudbeckia floridana, Rudbeckia longipes. The Maryland’s state flower Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta is commonly known as brown-eyed Susan, poor-land daisy, brown betty, gloriosa daisy, yellow daisy, golden Jerusalem, English bull’s eye, and yellow ox-eye daisy. The Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta is an upright annual and by occasion it is biennial or perennial flowering plant, which are native to Eastern and Central North America. Presently it has also been found in all 10 Canadian Provinces and all 48 of the states in the neighboring United States and naturalized in China along with many other countries.
Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta flowers are the most popular flower in Maryland due to its eye-catching color and beautiful appearance. It is found all through the state of Maryland. For the reasons as stated above the General Assembly of Maryland has adopted The Black-Eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta as the “Floral Embem” or state flower of Maryland on April 18, 1918 (Chapter 458, Acts of 1918; Code General Provisions Article, sec. 7-306).
State Flower of Maryland Facts:
- Common Name: brown-eyed Susan, poor-land daisy, brown betty, gloriosa daisy, yellow daisy, golden Jerusalem, English bull’s eye, and yellow ox-eye daisy
- Genus: Rudbeckia
- Species: Rudbeckia hirta
- Found in: Eastern and Central North America. Presently it has also been found in all 10 Canadian Provinces and all 48 of the states in the neighboring United States
- Color: yellow, gold, orange, russet, and mahogany
- Number of petals: 13 for single and more for semi-double or double.
- Stems: Numerous
- Period of blooming: May to August
- Purpose: Ornamental
The Maryland’s state flower Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta is an indigenous biennial or short-lived perennial flowering plant, which are grows from few inch to few feet in height. Some occasion it may produce few branches next to the base, with long hairy stem. Every stem generate a single composite flower. The alternate leaves of the Black-eyed Susan plants are alternately arranged, grayish green in color and roofed with tiny stiff hairs. Its length of the leaves is up to 7″ long and 2″ across, with the shape of lanceolate, oblanceolate, or ovate.
Black-eyed Susan flowers are among the most respected state flowers. They have colorful yellow-gold solitary petals, which are habitually two to four inches across, and surrounding their large black centers. It consists of many dark brown disk florets, structuring a compressed cone, surrounded by 8-20 ray florets, which are bright yellow in color, sometimes (merely) with patches of maroon near the base.Black-Eyed Susan flowers are flourishing primarily in early mid-summer for about a month; some plants will bloom during the late summer or fall.
The North American early settlers were used the Black-eyed Susan or Rudbeckia hirta as a diuretic and as a stimulant. The teas those are made from dried plant leaves were generally consumed. Generally the roots of the Black-eyed Susan are made into a warm decoction, which can used to wash both sores and swelling. Its seeds are poisonous and are consequently not to used in any type of medicinal treatment in present.
The state flower of Maryland, USA is undoubtedly an eye-catching beauty that grows in plenty throughout the state. Because of its stunning gorgeousness and the frequent occurrence in nature in Maryland, it was a natural fit for the state to choose.