The Syringa vulgaris or Purple Lilac is the state flower of New Hampshire. Its scientific name is Syringa vulgaris. It belongs to the Olive family Oleaceae. Syringa is the genus of the Purple Lilac and its species is S. vulgaris. The New Hampshire’s state flower Syringa vulgaris is commonly known as Common Purple Lilac. The Syringa vulgaris or Purple Lilac is a deciduous shrub of flowering plants, which are native to the Hills areas of Balkan Peninsula, presently it has been naturalized and extensively cultivated in rest of the parts of Europe and North America. When a state bodies select a symbol for the state it should be represent extra ordinary design, quality, availability, expression, and usefulness, cultural, traditional and religious back ground, which go back thousands of years or its popularities. On the basis of this the state body of New Hampshire was selected the Purple Lilac as the state flower of New Hampshire in 1919.
In the same year a new amendment of the bill brought to promoting few popular flowers through adaptation as state flower, the flowers are apple blossom, purple aster, wood lily, Mayflower, goldenrod, wild pasture rose, evening primrose and buttercup as the state flower. The legislators hold a lively discussion with heartfelt debate on the merit of the nominated flowers but ‘Common purple Lilac’ came out with crown. In 1991, the law makers of New Hampshire have designated their official state wildflower and it was pink lady’s slipper. Both of the flowers are quite similar to its distinctive beauty but immensely dissimilar in their strength. The pink lady’s slipper flower little fragile but the purple lilac is hardy.
State Flower of New Hampshire Facts:
- Common Name: Purple Lilac
- Genus: Syringa
- Species: Syringa vulgaris.
- Found in: Hills areas of Balkan Peninsula, Europe and American countries.
- Color: White to pink and all shades of purple
- Number of petals: 5
- Period of blooming: March to mid April
- Purpose: Ornamental and aromatherapy
- Symbolism: Purity, Love, confidence, Innocence.
The New Hampshire’s state flower Syringa vulgaris or Purple lilac are small trees, with a size in between 2 to 10 metres tall. It stalks can be grows up to 30 cm. in diameter. In the most species of Purple lilac their leaves are heart-shape to broad lanceolate but in some occasion it may be pinnate. The leaves are positioned in opposite. Some occasion they are in a spiral of three leaves.
The flowers are appears in spring with a four-lobed petals. It is a bisexual flower that has fertile stamens and necessary stigma. Generally the flowers are a purple or light purple or lilac shade in color. Also may have found in white, pale yellow, pink, and dark burgundy color. Lilac flowers are larger and more diverse in color and form. The Purple Lilac flowers generate in a large panicles. There are distinctive aromas spraying from most of the species. The purple lilac flowers are decipherable through its sweet aroma, which is most dominant at the period of flourishing in full bloom, even though the blooming period are very poor, blossoms have a few weeks to stay.
The essential oils, which are made from the Purple lilac, are being used in aromatherapy. It is said that it has reassuring effect that can relieves anxiety. It also effective comprise in purifying, comforting feeling, which centers the mind to promote relaxation. The essential oil from white lilacs another species of olive family is also being used in aromatherapy. Its scent effective to enhanced feeling of sensuality.
To sum up, Purple Lilac or Syringa vulgaris is symbolizes Purity, confidence, Innocence, affection, Love and strong friendship and also the spirit of the state that makes it as the state flower of New Hampshire.