What Is The State Tree of Pennsylvania?
Eastern Hemlock is the State Tree of Pennsylvania. Tsuga Canadensis is the scientific name of Eastern Hemlock and it is commonly known as eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the region of French-language of Canada it is called pruche du Canada. Tsuga is the genus of the Eastern Hemlock and T. Canadensis is its species. The Pennsylvania’s State tree Eastern Hemlock is belongs from the family of Pinaceae, which is commonly native to eastern North America.
It is also found in the range from northeastern Minnesota eastward through southern Quebec and into Nova Scotia, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia and Alabama. Separated population has been occurs in the southeastern Piedmont, western Ohio and into Illinois, as well as eastern Minnesota. It also grows in Ontario and all provinces to the east Canada except Newfoundland and Labrador and eastern American state along with Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama except Florida.
When a state bodies select a symbol for the state it should be represent extra ordinary design, quality, availability, expression, and usefulness, cultural, traditional and religious back ground, which go back thousands of years or its popularities The Eastern Hemlock tree is the most valuable tree species in Pennsylvania.On the basis of the facts mentioned above, the state General Assembly was approved the Eastern Hemlock as the official tree of the state on June 23, 1931.
The Facts of the State Tree of Pennsylvania [Eastern Hemlock]
- Common Names: eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the region of French-language of Canada it is called pruche du Canada
- Family: Pinaceae
- Genus: Tsuga
- Species: Tsuga Canadensis
- Found in: native to eastern North America. It is also found in the range from northeastern Minnesota eastward through southern Quebec and into Nova Scotia, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia and Alabama
- Leaf: The leaves of the eastern hemlock are naturally in between in 15 to 20 mm in length; occasionally it may be short as 5 mm or long as 25 mm. It is compressed and in general distichous, or two-ranked. The underneath of the leaf is glaucous with two wide and evidently visible stomatal bands, whereas the top of the leaf is shiny green to yellow-green in color.
.Flower: The Eastern Hemlock tree has produces both male and female flower in same tree in different location. The male flowers are yellow, round and small in size and the females are purple, upright, in tops of the trees.
- Fruit: The fruit of the eastern hemlock called “Cone”. The seed cones are ovoid shape, 3/4 inch long with rounded scales, which is maturing within September to October.
- Twig: The twigs of the eastern hemlock are a yellow-brown in color with darker red-brown pulvini.
- Bark: The bark of the eastern hemlock juvenile trees are gray-brown in color, smooth, which turning scaly and extremely cracked with age. It becomes red-brown color with wide ridges and furrows when the trees are matured.
- Purpose: ornamental.
- Symbolism: Destroy sexual drives *POISON*
The Pennsylvania’s State tree the eastern hemlock can effortlessly grow in standard, medium moisture, well-drained, dry and rocky soils with partly to full shade. But like partly shade in sheltered locations that protected from strong drying winds and hot afternoon sun and dislikes the hot and moist summers of the deep South, where sun scald may damage the foliage when temperatures always exceed 95 degrees F. It can tolerant drought and obviously needed watering regularly in lingering dry spells, mostly when plants are juvenile.
The eastern hemlock trees are used as lumber. Primarily it is uses as light framing, sheathing, roofing, subflooring, boxes, crates, and general millwork. It is also used in paper industries like pulp, newsprint and wrapping paper industries, but the demand for hemlock lumber is presently increasing. It is also used as fodder of animals such as Deer and rabbits, Chickadees and small mammals. Hemlock bark was widely used in the tanning of hides. Native Americans tribes have used the inner bark, roots, and needles of the Eastern Hemlock in antiseptics, cold medicines, and remedies for rheumatism and arthritis.
To sum up, Eastern Hemlock is the people’s favorite State Tree of Pennsylvania; it outstandingly represents and glorifies the spirit of Pennsylvania culture.