What is the National Animal of Nepal?

What is the National Animal of Nepal?

Kathmandu Cow is the official national animal of Nepal. Kathmandu Cow was entitled to the official Nepal national animal. Bos Taurus is the scientific name of Kathmandu Cow. It is commonly found in Africa, Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, parts of North America, South America and also in Oceania. Presently it is widespread throughout the world. As a sacred to Hindus, the Cow has been declared the national animal of Nepal in the country’s newly-unveiled secular constitution.

Nepal’s national animal Kathmandu Cow is the well accepted by the people of Nepal for its religious value and that is the reason to designate as the official national animal of the country. It is also the national animal of Madagascar and Moldova.

National Animal of Nepal Facts—

  • Common Name: Kathmandu Cow
  • Scientific Name: Bos Taurus
  • Color: The color coat varies from black through white, reddish brown, and brown. Also, some can be spotted.
  • Length: 6 to 8feet in length.
  • Height: 49 to 52 inches in height at the shoulder.
  • Weight: weight range between 120 kg to 1290 kg, depending on the species.
  • Diet: It is an herbivore animal. They prefer clover and grass type of food. They can eat near about 100 pounds of food per day with 30 to 50 gallons of water for drink, which produces 125 pounds of dribble per day and spends nearly 8 hours in re-chewing of swallowed food and prepare it for the final digestion.
  • Cubs: Babies of the Kathmandu Cow called calf. The Cow (female) have a gestation period of 9 to 11 months, with single calf.
  • Behavior: Kathmandu Cow is a social creature that lives in large herds. It forms close bonds with 2 to 4 members of the group and spends its time with them. Cow sleeps during the night on an average of 4 hours per 24 hours. Sleeping position is determined by the current status of the cow in the group.
  • Lifespan: Up to 22 years.

The national animal of Nepal, Kathmandu Cow has a short coat, which can be uniformly colored with white, reddish, black, and brown, also covered with various markings. It has the large head with big eyes and flexible ears, which can move in all directions. It has a massive body; domestic cows have short necks with dewlaps hanging below the chin. The jaws are designed for the circular grinding motion used to crush coarse vegetation. They have two hollow horns and a long tufted tail.

Most of the matured cows have horns with various sizes and shapes that can be shorter or longer, depending on the variety. Surprisingly the cow has a visual field of nearly 360 degrees that is possible due to their big eyes positioned on the lateral sides of the head. They cannot differentiate green and red color despite excellent eyesight. The cow has an excellent sense of smell and hearing. They can able to hear or identify such type of sounds, which have not detected by a human.

Nepal’s national animal the Kathmandu Cow has separate names of both male and female. They are identified as; the females are called “cow.” The males are known as bull, ram and the babies name calf. Cattle are frequently raised as livestock for meat, as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products. Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. It also used as draft animals such as the oxen or bullocks that pull carts, plows and other implements. The cow is a sacred animal in India and Nepal. Gopastami is Hindu festival that takes place once per year and celebrates cows, which are washed and decorated especially for that occasion.





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