What Is The State Tree of Nebraska?
Eastern Cottonwood is the State Tree of Nebraska. Populus deltoides is the scientific name of Eastern Cottonwood and it is commonly known as Necklace Poplar. It is also known as is also called southern cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. Populus are the genus of the Eastern Cottonwood and P. deltoides is its species.
Nebraska’s State tree Eastern Cottonwood is belongs from the family of Salicaceae, which is commonly found into North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico.
When a state bodies select a symbol for the state it should be represented extra ordinary design, quality, availability, expression, and usefulness, cultural, traditional and religious background, which go back thousands of years or its popularities.
The eastern cottonwood has a remarkable historical background that George Washington sat under this tree while signing a treaty. It is well-known tree all over the state Nebraska for its distinctive beauty. On the basis of the facts mentioned above, on February 15, 1937 the eastern cottonwood was declared as the ever first state tree of Nebraska.
In 1972 the state legislature designated the green ash as the official state tree of Nebraska, but hence it was amended in favor of Eastern Cottonwood. It is not only the State tree of Nebraska but it is also the State tree of Kansas and Wyoming with its variety.
Facts about Nebraska’s State Tree (Eastern Cottonwood)
- Common name: southern cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo.
- Genus: Populus
- Species: Populus deltoides
- Found in: North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico
- Flower: Eastern Cottonwood trees have produces both male and female flower as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves.
- Bark: The barks of the juvenile Eastern Cottonwood trees are smooth, gray to yellow-green color, which will ultimately develop in dark gray with fat edge and deep groove.
- Leaf: The leaves of the eastern cottonwood are arranged alternately, easy, pinnately streaked. It is triangularly shaped with a crenate or serrate margin. The length of the leaves is in between 3 to 6 inches long. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. It is very coarsely toothed, the teeth are bent and gland tipped.
- Fruits: The fruit itself is an egg-shaped capsule, which is about 1/2-inch long cottony seeds. The fruit ripens in late spring or early summer and divides into three parts.
- Purpose: Ornamental.
- Symbolism: Luck, Healing, Protection, Rain, Fishing Magic
Nebraska’s State tree Eastern Cottonwood is native across the state and frequently is found nearby to rivers, streams, and around lakes. It is a fast growth rated tree, which provides the majority of the lumber processed in Nebraska today. It is planted in riparian regions for sieve strips, and near streams to reduce sedimentation and stabilize stream banks. It also can be used in multiple row windbreaks for height and rapid defense. The eastern cottonwood prefers moist, well-drained, fine sandy or silt loams close to streams for its well growth. It also can survive on deep, infertile sands and clay lands.
The scientific name of Nebraska’s State tree Eastern Cottonwood “Populus” that means ‘peoples’ tree and it justified for its usefulness over the centuries. Some parts of this tree have medicinal properties. The compound salicin that found in most of the part like leaves, barks and buds is a remedy of fever and decrease inflammation and pain. The oil of cottonwood is very much helpful for various aspects like swollen arthritic joints and painful muscles.
It is delectably aromatic and is ancillary to lip balms, body oils and curative salves. The body oil much effective for after-bath moisturizer. Some of the Americans native considered the cottonwood tree as a sacred tree. The Apache clan treated it as the symbol of sun, while some of northern Mexican tribes coupled cottonwoods with the afterlife, using cottonwood boughs in funeral rituals.
To sum up, Eastern Cottonwood is the people’s favorite State Tree of Nebraska, which symbolized Luck, Healing, Protection, Rain, and Fishing Magic. Although it is an official State tree symbol of Nebraska, it outstandingly represents and glorifies the spirit of Nebraska culture.