What Is The National Flower of Germany?

What Is The National Flower of Germany?

Cornflower is the National Flower of Germany. Centaurea cyanus is the scientific name of Cornflower. There is much reason for which the blue cornflower is the national flower of Germany.

This eye-catching blue-violet bloom became symbolic of Germany during the 19th century due to its color, Prussian blue. During this time in Germany, it was customary for unmarried men and women to converse their marital status by wearing the flower in their buttonholes.

The flower is available in excess amounts throughout the country. It is not only the national flower of Germany but also the symbol of the Estonian political party (Finnish Party). It is famous for its unique uses and beauty. Blue Cornflower color is a symbol of a romantic and inspirational flower.

Facts about Germany’s National Flower (Cornflower)

  • Common Name:  Cornflower or knapweed
  • Genus:  Centaurea
  • Species:  cyanus
  • Found in:  The rolling green hills of Germany
  • Color:  intense or bright blue and many other shades of blue.
  • Number of petals:  more than 50
  • Time of blooming:  June to September
  • Purpose:  Decorative and Medicinal
  • Symbolism:  Romanticism, social liberalism.


The cornflower is the national flower symbol of Germany. In the past, it often grew as a weed in cornfields (in the broad sense of the word “corn”, referring to grains, such as wheat, barley, rye, or oats), hence its name.

There are some reasons for considering it as the national flower of Germany. Partly due to the story that when Queen Louise of Prussia was fleeing Berlin and pursued by Napoleon’s forces where she hid her children in a field of cornflowers and kept them quiet by weaving wreaths for them from the flowers.

The flower thus became identified with Prussia. The national flower of Germany, knapweed, or cornflower is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae and Centaurea is a genus.

Size And Facts

It is an annual growing flower with grey-green branch stems. It can grow from 16 inches to 35 inches tall. The leaves of the flower can grow from 1 cm to 4 cm long. The flowers of this species are 1.5 cm to 3 cm in diameter and their color is intense blue or deep blue.

The blue pigment is protocyanin. Protocyanin is an anthocyanin that is responsible for the red color of roses but in cornflowers, it gives a blue color. The gorgeous blue flowers of this plant are famous for decorative purposes in bouquets, hair ornaments, and corsages. This flower has the nickname “bachelor’s button” and it refers to the old practice of some men to wear cornflower in one of the buttonholes on their suit when they are in love or when they are ready for courting.

Cornflower contains biotin that helps in strengthening the nails, prevents and treats nail infections, and treats hair problems like dandruff. Cornflower also produces edible flowers that have a cucumber-like taste. Cornflowers have been used and prized historically for their blue pigment. Cornflower is used as an ingredient in some tea blends and herbal teas. It is famous in the Lady Grey blend of Twinings.

To sum up, the Cornflower is the official national flower of Germany. Because of its magnificent beauty, medicinal properties, and connection to national history, there is no wonder why it is the most deserving flower to be held as a national symbol of Germany.


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