Physical of Canada | Detailed Canada Physical Map

Physical of Canada | Detailed Canada Physical Map

Covering an area of 3.8 million square miles, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. Physical of Canada is located in the continent of North America. It is bound in the north by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the United States of America (USA), and in the west by the North Pacific Ocean. Alaska, a US State, lies in its north-western part.

Covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States, Canada has an extremely varied topography. In the east of Canada Physical Map, the mountainous maritime provinces have an irregular coastline on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic. The St. Lawrence plain, covering most of southern Quebec and Ontario, and the interior continental plain, covering southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and most of Alberta, are the principal cultivable areas. They are separated by a forested plateau rising from Lakes Superior and Huron.

Westward toward the Pacific, most of British Columbia, the Yukon, and part of western Alberta are covered by parallel mountain ranges, including the Rockies. The Pacific border of the coast range is ragged with fjords and channels. The highest point in the Physical of Canada is Mount Logan (19,850 ft; 6,050 m), which is in the Yukon.

Major Rivers In Canada

Rank Longest Rivers In Canada Length
1 Mackenzie 2,635 miles
2 Yukon 1,979 miles (shared with the U.S.A.)
3 Saint Lawrence 1,900 miles (shared with the U.S.A.)
4 Nelson 1,600 miles
5 Slave 1,453 miles
6 Columbia 1,243 miles (shared with the U.S.A.)
7 Saskatchewan 1,205 miles
8 Peace 1,195 miles
9 Churchill 1,000 miles
10 South Saskatchewan 865 miles

The Mackenzie River is the longest river in Canada, and when combined with headstreams, including the Peace River and the Slave River, is the second-longest river system in North America. The Columbia River starts in the Canadian Rockies and travels down across the border of the United States to the Pacific Ocean. It is about 1,100 miles long.

The St. Lawrence River forms part of the border with the United States in the eastern portions of Canada. It connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. This river is approximately 1,900 miles long. The Yukon River lies half in Canada, half in Alaska. Over 1,200 miles long, it also is frozen for a portion of the year. The Saskatchewan River is about 340 miles long. It flows into Lake Winnipeg and is the main watershed for much of central Canada.

Major Lakes In Canada

Rank Lake Area in km Squared
1 Lake Superior 82,100
2 Lake Huron 59,600
3 Great Bear Lake 31,328
4 Great Slave Lake 28,568
5 Lake Erie 25,700
6 Lake Winnipeg 24,387

There are many major lakes in Canada in addition to the Great Lakes. The Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake area in the Northwest Territories, Lake Athabasca spans the border between Saskatchewan and Alberta. Reindeer Lake is along the border between Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis, and Lake Manitoba are in Manitoba. Lake Nipigon is in Ontario and Quebec has Lac Mistassini and Lac St. Jean.

Major Mountains In Canada

Rank Highest Mountains in Canada Elevation
1 Mount Logan 19,541 feet
2 Mount Saint Elias 18,009 feet
3 Lucania 17,257 feet
4 King Peak 16,972 feet
5 Mount Steele 16,470 feet

The Torngat Mountains mark the boundary between Quebec and Newfoundland & Labrador. Yukon Territory has the British Mountains, Richardson Mountains, Ogilvie Mountains, and the Selwyn Mountains. The Mackenzie Mountains are in western Northwest Territories. British Columbia has the Coast Mountains. And, the Rocky Mountain Range passes through Alberta and British Columbia.

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