National Flower of China
China currently has No official National Flower. Plum blossom Consider As The National Flower Of the People’s Republic of China. Plum Blossom Was officially designated as the plum blossom by the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China.It Was officially Adopted on July 21, 1964. The peony Flower has long been considered as the flower of wealth and honor in China.
Plum blossom is the national flowerof China. Prunusmume is the scientific name of Plum blossom and it is commonly known as “mei” or “meihua” in China. It is also known as”flowering plum”, “winter plum” etc. Plum blossom was titled as the Chinese national floweron July 21, 1964.China has 2 national flowers- Plum Blossoms is considered asnational symbolandTree Peony is the national favorite.
Plum blossom, China’s national flower symbol, symbolizes resilience and diligence in the face of great adversity, because Plum blossoms bloomluminously in the cold, harsh and snowyweather of winter. Plum blossoms also symbolize purity, beauty, strength, valor, hope andit is the harbinger of the spring.
Facts about China’s National Flower (Plum Blossom)
- Common Name: Plum blossom,Mei, Meihua
- Genus: Prunus
- Species: Mume
- Found in: Thin forests, stream sides, forested slopes along trails, mountains and regions of cultivation
- Color: White, pink and red
- Number of petals: 5
- Size: 2–2.5 centimeters
- Time of blooming: Early February
- Purpose: Ornamental and herbal use
- Symbolism: Strength, valor, hope, perseverance
Chinese national flower, Plum blossom is considered as the king of the top ten famous flowers and the queen of flowers.Plum blossom belongs to the family of Roses and it has a very strong fragrant scent. Plum blossom is a short lived tree. In East Asia, itbegins to bear flower in the middle of winter season (early February). Plum blossoms are typically 2–2.5 centimeters in diameter.
Plum Blossomis available in shades of white, pink, and red. It has 5 oval-shaped petals.The five petals represent the Republic’s 5 branches of Chinese government.Each of the petalsalso symbolize one of the five blessings or happiness- longevity, wealth, health, virtue, and the desire to die naturally at an old age.In China, Prunusmume has over three-hundreddocumented cultivars.
China has a long history of using and enjoying the plum tree and its flower. Plum blossoms have been treasured in gardens and around homes in China for over two-thousand years. So, the national flower of China, Plum blossom has historical importance for Chinese people. In the fifth century, Chinese princesses and court women began to use plum blossoms for beautification. Many poets of Chinese Song Dynastywrote poems about the plum blossom and made it popular.
In Chinese tradition,Plum blossom is also well thought-out as one of the 3 Friends of Winter accompanied by bamboo and pine because of its resilience during the winter. Plum represents winter as one of the Four Plants of Virtue.Chinese Plum Blossom can be used as herbal tea and it has been used for many centuries in the practice of Medicine in China.
Plum blossoms often appear as decorative themes in traditional dresses(e.g. kimonos), and they also appear in jewelry.Plum blossom is cultivated nationwide in China and it is highly available everywhere in China. Because of being very popular among the countrymen and because of the various usefulness of the flower for the people of China,naturally it is selected as the national flower of China.
To sum up, due to the plentiful use in medicines, drugs, culture and literature, the Chinese people are fond of plum blossom and for this reasons Plum blossom has become the national flower of China.