National Fruit of China | Symbols of China
Fuzzy kiwifruit is the Official National Fruit of China. The Scientific Name of Fuzzy kiwifruit is Actinidia deliciosa. Other species of Actinidia are also found in China and range east to Japan and north into southern areas of the Russian Far East. In 2016, the global production of kiwifruit was 4.3 million tonnes, led by China with 56% of the world’s total. In China, it is grown mainly in the mountainous area upstream of the Yangtze River. It is also grown in other areas of China, including Sichuan. Italy and New Zealand were other major producers.
Fuzzy kiwifruit Profile
- Common Name: kiwifruit
- Type: Fruit
- Family: Actinidiaceae
- Native Range: China
- Zone: 8 to 9
- Height: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
- Spread: 6.00 to 10.00 feet
- Bloom Time: Non-flowering
- Bloom Description: Cream
- Sun: Full sun
- Water: Medium
- Maintenance: Medium
- Flower: Fragrant, Insignificant
- Fruit: Edible
Actinidia deliciosa Grows up to 15-30 ft. tall (4-9 m) and 6-10 ft. wide (2-3 m). It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from October to December. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and is pollinated by Bees, and insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy), and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. China national fruit.
China national fruit kiwifruit leaves are alternate, long-petioled, deciduous, oval to nearly circular, cordate at the base, and 7.5–12.5 cm long.
The flowers are fragrant, dioecious or unisexual, borne singly or in threes in the leaf axils, are five- to six-petalled, 2.5–5 cm broad, and both sexes have central tufts of many stamens.
Jujube Fruit also known as red or Chinese date Is Another National Fruit of China. Its Scientific Name Is Ziziphus zizyphus. It is native to Southern Asia but has become popular around the world. It is a small deciduous tree reaching a height of 5–12 meters (16–39 ft), usually with thorny branches. The leaves are shiny-green, ovate-acute, 2–7 centimeters (0.79–2.76 in) long, and 1–3 centimeters (0.39–1.18 in) wide. The flowers are small, 5 mm (0.20 in) wide, with five inconspicuous yellowish-green petals.
China national fruit Jujube fruit is low in calories but rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. A 3-ounce (100-gram) serving of raw jujube, or about 3 fruits, provides:
- Calories: 79
- Protein: 1 gram
- Fat: 0 grams
- Carbs: 20 grams
- Fiber: 10 grams
- Vitamin C: 77% of the Daily Value (DV)
- Potassium: 5% of the DV
In China, the leaves are sometimes picked for teas, such as by families in Laoshan Village, Shandong Province, China, where it counts as a variety of herbal tea.
✅Chinese National Fruit
Fuzzy kiwifruit is the Official National Fruit of China. Jujube Fruit also known as red or Chinese date Is Another National Fruit of China.