Father of The Nation of China | Symbols of China
China Has no Official National Father. Mao Zedong (1893–1976) Is considered the Father of The Nation of China. He was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary, Poet, Political Theorist, and Founding Father of the People’s Republic of China. Mao Zedong Established The PRC on October 1, 1949.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding party of the People’s Republic of China. Chairman Mao Zedong is the core of Collective Leadership. Mao is considered the most important person in the establishment of the PRC, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), and the CPC itself.
After studying Marxism as a student, he was among the founders of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921, becoming its effective leader following the Long March (the withdrawal of the Communists from SE to NW China, 1934–35). He eventually defeated both the occupying Japanese and rival Kuomintang nationalist forces to form the People’s Republic of China. Father of The Nation of China, Mao becomes the first head of the People’s Republic of China (1949).
Although he initially adopted the Soviet Communist model, following Khrushchev’s denunciation of Stalin (1956) Mao began to introduce his own measures, central to which were the concepts of permanent revolution, the importance of the peasantry, and agricultural collectivization. A brief period of freedom of expression (the Hundred Flowers) ended with the introduction of the economically disastrous Great Leap Forward (1958–60).
Mao resigned as head of state in 1959. But he retained his position as chairman of the Communist Party, and as such remained China’s most powerful politician. He was the instigator of the Cultural Revolution (1966–68), which was intended to effect a return to revolutionary Maoist beliefs; during this time he became the focus of a powerful personality cult, which lasted until his death.