National Tree of China | Symbols of China

National Tree of China | Symbols of China

The Ginkgo is the Official National Tree of China. It is a symbol of hope and peace in Chinese Traditions. The Chinese monks introduced these trees to Japan. A few of them survived the bombing of Hiroshima. Because of this, they have also become a symbol of endurance and vitality. One of the surviving trees has prayers of peace engraved on its bark. The leaves have unique properties, and they are used in teas and memory improving medicine and vitamins.

The ancient medicinal by-product resulting from ginkgo trees is derived from the seeds of the tree. Long touted for its benefits in improving memory/concentration (Alzheimer’s disease and dementia), Ginkgo biloba purported benefits also include relief from PMS symptoms, eye problems like macular degeneration, dizziness, leg pains associated with circulation issues, Tinnitus, and even MS symptoms. Ginkgo’s antioxidant content may be the reason behind many of its health claims.

Ginkgo biloba Profile

  • Botanical Name: Ginkgo biloba
  • All common names: ginkgo, maidenhair tree
  • Family (English): Ginkgo
  • Family (Botanic): Ginkgoaceae
  • Size Range: Large tree (more than 40 feet)
  • Height: 50.00 to 80.00 feet
  • Spread: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
  • Fruit: The stone core fruit is yellow-green, rounded, fleshy, and unpleasant smelling. The core is edible.
  • Branches: The bark of the branches is gray-brown.
  • Bark: The bark is gray-brown and furrowed.
  • Root: Heart to deep-rooting plant, the long taproot is formed.
  • Location: Sun to light shade
  • Soil: sandy to loamy, moderately dry to moderately moist
  • Usage: single tree or planting in groups, garden, and parks
  • Flower Color & Fragrance: Inconspicuous
  • Shape or Form: Broad, Pyramidal, Upright
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Transplants Well: Yes
  • Bloom Time: April
  • Bloom Description: Green


The leaves on the Ginkgo are an interesting fan shape that flutters in the slightest breeze. They are dark green leaves from spring to summer, usually, 2-4 inches but can sometimes be up to 6 inches long. China National Tree, the Gingko is famous for its well-behaved root system. This is a great tree for use around walkways and patios because the roots stay deep and are not prone to lift pavement. This is why the tree has become a very popular street tree.

Once established, the National Tree of China Gingko requires little maintenance or pruning. Typically it has a lovely canopy that grows with perfect balance. In autumn, the beautiful leaves turn a brilliant, saturated yellow. This is one of the most favored and popular characteristics of the Ginkgo tree. They simply glow in the landscape and make a heart-catching addition to the season.

The ginkgo is not fussy about soil type or most soil conditions and will tolerate both acidic and alkaline soil as well as compacted soil. It prefers well-drained sandy soil or loam. Young ginkgo biloboa trees can benefit from a spring feeding of tree fertilizer. Mature trees typically do not need to be fed.


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