What Is The National Flower of Colombia?

What Is The National Flower of Colombia?

“Cattleya Trianae” Is The National Flower of Colombia. Some People are Also called The Mayflower or the Christmas Orchid. It Has Been Colombia’s national flower for Almost 80 years. The orchid was chosen because the lower part of its flower can appear yellow, blue, and red – the colors of the Colombian flag. The species was also named after a 19th-century Colombian botanist, Jose Jeronimo Triana. This rare flower is endemic to Colombia and grows between 1,500 and 2,000m above sea level, in the cloud forest.

Bananas flowers, Waterlilies, and Roses. Some of which are very popular and being used to various occasions and festivals in Colombia, the flowers are Sunflower, Gerberas, Roses, Ginger, and Orchids. The beauties, fragrances, popularity, and availability of the Cattleya Trianae or Christmas Orchid bound the Academy of Colombian History to recommend for the official Colombian national flower in 1936. Another prestigious matter is the color of Cattleya Triana is also the same color combination in the Colombian national flag.

Facts About Colombia’s National Flower (CattleyaTrianae)

  • Common Name:  Cattleya Orchid, Christmas Orchid, Queen of Orchid, Crimson Cattleya or Ruby-Lipped Cattleya, flor de mayo(Mayflower)
  • Genus:  Cattleya
  • Species:  C. Trianae
  • Found in:  All over Colombia.
  • Color:  Yellow-Pink
  • Size:  5-6 cm
  • Number of petals:  5-100
  • Time of blooming:  All around the year
  • Purpose:  Ornamental, Aromatherapy
  • Symbolism:  Resilience and endurance

Description And Size

The Cattleya Orchid or Cattleya Trianae Colombia National flower was named by John Lindly after William Cattley in 1824. This type of Orchid consists of 113species of Orchid. Cattleya Orchid can grow nicely in the house i.e. homely atmosphere and temperature which means the temperature should be 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit in the daytime and 58 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit in the nighttime. The flowers are about five centimeters across and six centimeters tall.

The petals of this flower are twisted around. The rear surface is forward-facing. The 2 petals and the top sepal are yellow-pink in color. The adjacent sepals are pale purple in color. The lip is really big and wide. The middle lobe spreads out like a fan. It is excellently speckled with dark purple. Some jewelry brands in Colombia make necklaces, earrings, and brooches crafted by gold plating real orchids. The Cattleya orchid is also used in aromatherapy. Because of the light and sweet fragrance, the Cattleya orchid is perfect for gifts and souvenirs.

Colombia national flower Orchid flowers have some special meaning in the express the right message and that message can be, Happy Birth Day, Thank you, Happy Anniversary, or Congratulation for promotion and it differs on the basis of flowers variety. It also signifies the emotion that also varies from country to country.

Christmas Orchid Flower

Some examples are: in Japan, it is known as a symbol of wealth and nobility. In Chinese tradition, it shows as a symbol of refinement and innocence and also a symbol of many children. In England, it is the symbol of pure love and affection, also the symbol of rare & soft beauty, love, and friendliness.

The plant of Cattleya Orchid increases humidity in the environment which can help to avoid seasonal sicknesses like cough, throat aching, and skin dryness. It was found after the research on flu, a high percentage of humidity can decrease the spreading of flu.

To sum up, The national flower of Colombia, the Cattleya Trianae or Christmas Orchid has symbolized the national spirit, pride, and identity of Colombia.

✅What is the Famous Flower in Colombia?

The national flower of Colombia is the orchid Cattleya trianae. The orchid was selected by botanist Emilio Robledo, in the representation of the Colombian Academy of History to determine the most representative flowering plant of Colombia.

✅What is Colombia Best known for?

Colombia is famous for its arepas and specialty coffee, as well as the kindness of its people.


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