Physical Map of Australia | Large Australia Physical Map

Physical Map of Australia | Large Australia Physical Map

Australia is the smallest continent that lies between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. It is six times smaller than then Asia three times smaller than North America. Physical Map of Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km with many mountain ranges, rivers, lakes, and plains in the country. The Tropic of Capricorn runs right through the middle of this country. Australia hosts many unique species of plants and animals, including marsupials and a host of poisonous snakes and insects.

In the center of the continent are the Macdonnell Ranges and the Musgrave Ranges along with the Lake Eyre Basin and the Lake Torrens Basin. Mountains on the northwestern coast are the Capricorn Range, the Hamersley Range, and the King Leopold Ranges. The Australian Alps and the Great Dividing Range are on the southeast coast. The Clarke Range and Calliope Range are on the northeast coast. The island of Tasmania has the Great Western Tiers.

Quick Facts of Australia

Continent Australia
Region Oceania
Coordinates 27°00′00″S 144°00′00″E / 27.000°S 144.000°E
Area Ranked 6th
 • Total 7,686,850 km2 (2,967,910 sq mi)
 • Land 99%
 • Water 1%
Coastline 25,765 km (16,010 mi)
Borders none
Highest point Mount Kosciuszko
2,228 m (7,310 ft)
Lowest point Lake Eyre,
−15 m (−49 ft)
Longest river Murray River,
2,375 km (1,476 mi)
Largest lake Lake Eyre
9,500 km2 (3,668 sq mi)
Climate Mostly desert or semi-arid, south-east and south-west corners: temperate, north: tropical climate, varied between tropical rainforests, grasslands, part desert.
Terrain mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands, and a fertile plain in the southeast
Natural Resources minerals, coal, and timber
Natural Hazards Cyclones along the northern coasts, severe thunderstorms, droughts, occasional floods, heatwaves, and frequent bushfires

Physical Features of Australia

Australia is a relatively low-lying island with low relief. It is the flattest of all the continents. The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the northeast coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometers. The world’s largest monolith, Mount Augustus, is located in Western Australia.

At 2,228 meters, Mount Kosciuszko on the Great Dividing Range is the highest mountain on the Australian mainland, although Mawson Peak on the remote Australian territory of Heard Island is taller at 2,745 meters. Western Australia has three large deserts: the Gibson Desert, Great Victoria Desert, and the Great Sandy Desert.

The highest peak, and the highest point in the Physical Map of Australia, is Mt. Kosciuszko in New South Wales. It has a height of 2,228 meters (7,310 feet) above sea level. The lowest point on the continent is the dry lakebed of Lake Eyre in South Australia with an elevation of 15 meters (49.2 feet) below sea level.

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