Map of Hainan Province | Political, Geography, Transportation And Cities Map

Map of Hainan Province | Political, Geography, Transportation And Cities Map

Hainan is an island province located in the tropical area at the southern end of China. It is the largest and most populous island under the PRC administration. “Hainan” literally means “South of the Ocean.” Map of Hainan Province covers an area of over 34,000 square kilometers of which Hainan the island is 32,900 square kilometers (12,700 sq mi) and the rest is over 200 islands scattered across three archipelagos: Zhongsha, Xisha, and Nansha. Hainan has a population of 8.994 million. The capital city of Hainan Province is Haikou.

Hainan Island has a long and complex history. The indigenous Li and Miao ethnic peoples each have distinct cultures and customs. Hainan was administered as part of Guangdong Province until 1988. Since then it has been designated a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and has become a magnet for investment and has developed large tourist infrastructure.

Hainan Facts:

English Name: Hainan
Administration Type: Province
Capital: Haikou
Currency: Chinese Renminbi (¥) (CNY)
Location: 3°30′ to 20°18′ N, 108° 37′ to 111°05′ E
Climate: tropical monsoon climate
Average Annual Temperature: 23-25 °C (73 – 77 °F)
Average Annual Rainfall: 1,500 millimeters
Area: 35,000 km² (13,510mi²)
Population (2018): 9,343,200

Political Map of Hainan Province

Hainan Province has Hainan Island and Xisha, Zhongsha, and Nansha Islands under its jurisdiction. Its land covers an area of over 34,000 square kilometers with a population of 8.67 million people (2010). The capital of the province is Haikou, on the northern coast of Hainan Island, while Sanya is a well-known tourist destination on the southern coast.  It is the political, economic, cultural, and transportation center of the whole province.

Geography Map of Hainan Province

Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea. Major mountains in Hainan Province are Mount Wuzhi Shan and Mount Limu Ling. Major rivers are the Nandu River, Changhua River, and Wanquan River. Xisha Archipelago, Dongsha Archipelago, and Nansha Archipelago lie around Hainan Island, of which Yongxing Island is the southern territory of China.

The maritime tropical climate makes Hainan suitable for rice; sugar cane; coffee; rubber and coconut production. It is located just south of the Tropic of Cancer. Its average annual temperature is 23-25°C while the average temperature of the coldest February ranges between 16-20°C and the hottest August between 35-39°C.

Transportation Map of Hainan Province

Before 1950, there were practically no transportation links with the interior of the island. There is a high-speed railway ring around the island, formed by the eastern ring and western ring along the island’s coast. Both high-speed railways are connected with Haikou and Sanya. The total length of the eastern ring is 308.11 km (191.45 mi), while the western ring is 344 kilometers (214 mi).

There are several major highways and expressways linking Haikou on the north coast with Sanya on the south coast. Hainan has four major port facilities. The two largest are Haikou and Sanya. Both Haikou and Sanya airports provide air service for domestic and international destinations.

Cities Map of Hainan Province

There are ten major cities and ten counties in Hainan Province. The capital of the province is Haikou while Sanya is a well-known tourist destination on the southern coast. The other major cities are Wenchang, Sansha, Qionghai, Wanning, Wuzhishan, Dongfang, and Danzhou.

  • Haikou – in the North, the capital
  • Baoting – toward the South, in the hills
  • Bo’ao – on the East coast
  • Lingshui – on the East coast, natural heaven, place the Hainan incident occurred
  • Qionghai – in the East
  • Sanya – in the South, the main tourist destination
  • Wenchang – in the north-east coast of Hainan Island
  • Wuzhishan – in the central highlands

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